CBM: An IoT Enabled LiDAR Sensor for In-Field Crop Height and Biomass Measurements

Article


Banerjee, Bikram Pratap, Spangenberg, German and Kant, Surya. 2021. "CBM: An IoT Enabled LiDAR Sensor for In-Field Crop Height and Biomass Measurements." Biosensors. 12 (1), pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios12010016
Article Title

CBM: An IoT Enabled LiDAR Sensor for In-Field Crop Height and Biomass Measurements

ERA Journal ID210199
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBanerjee, Bikram Pratap, Spangenberg, German and Kant, Surya
Journal TitleBiosensors
Journal Citation12 (1), pp. 1-19
Article Number16
Number of Pages19
Year2021
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2079-6374
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/bios12010016
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6374/12/1/16
Abstract

The phenotypic characterization of crop genotypes is an essential, yet challenging, aspect of crop management and agriculture research. Digital sensing technologies are rapidly advancing plant phenotyping and speeding-up crop breeding outcomes. However, off-the-shelf sensors might not be fully applicable and suitable for agricultural research due to the diversity in crop species and specific needs during plant breeding selections. Customized sensing systems with specialized sensor hardware and software architecture provide a powerful and low-cost solution. This study designed and developed a fully integrated Raspberry Pi-based LiDAR sensor named CropBioMass (CBM), enabled by internet of things to provide a complete end-to-end pipeline. The CBM is a low-cost sensor, provides high-throughput seamless data collection in field, small data footprint, injection of data onto the remote server, and automated data processing. The phenotypic traits of crop fresh biomass, dry biomass, and plant height that were estimated by CBM data had high correlation with ground truth manual measurements in a wheat field trial. The CBM is readily applicable for high-throughput plant phenotyping, crop monitoring, and management for precision agricultural applications.

KeywordsGNSS; LiDAR; Raspberry Pi; high-throughput plant phenotyping; internet of things; precision agriculture
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400906. Electronic sensors
401304. Photogrammetry and remote sensing
300406. Crop and pasture improvement (incl. selection and breeding)
Byline AffiliationsAgriculture Victoria
La Trobe University
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