Response of crop yield and yield components of tomato to different tillage methods in the arid lands of Varamin, Iran

Paper


Rashidi, M. and Khabbaz, B. G.. 2009. "Response of crop yield and yield components of tomato to different tillage methods in the arid lands of Varamin, Iran." Banhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C. (ed.) SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate. Brisbane, Australia 13 - 16 Sep 2009 Brisbane, Queensland.
Paper/Presentation Title

Response of crop yield and yield components of tomato to different tillage methods in the arid lands of Varamin, Iran

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsRashidi, M. (Author) and Khabbaz, B. G. (Author)
EditorsBanhazi, T. M. and Saunders, C.
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the CIGR International Symposium of the Australian Society for Engineering in Agriculture (SEAg 2009)
Number of Pages7
Year2009
Place of PublicationBrisbane, Queensland
ISBN9780858259096
Conference/EventSEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate
Event Details
SEAg 2009: Agricultural Technologies In a Changing Climate
Event Date
13 to end of 16 Sep 2009
Event Location
Brisbane, Australia
Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the Research Site of Varamin Agricultural Research Center, Varamin, Iran on sandy loam soils to study the response of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) to different tillage methods during 2007 and 2008. Tillage treatments in the study included were conventional tillage (CT; moldboard plowing + two passes of disk harrowing), minimum tillage (MT; one pass of disk harrowing) and no-tillage (NT). Crop yield, yield components (plant population density, PPD; number of fruits per plant, NFPP; fruit weight, FW; fruit length, FL; fruit diameter, FD) and a fruit quality parameter (total soluble solids, TSS) were determined for all treatments. Results indicated that tillage methods significantly (P 0.05) influenced crop yield, yield components and TSS. Results also showed that PPD and NFPP are the most important yield components explaining crop yield difference under different tillage methods. The maximum PPD (10025 plants ha-1), NFPP (19.1) and as a result crop yield (12.2 t ha-1) were observed with CT, while maximum values of FW (71.2 g), FL (70.0 mm), FD (59.2 mm) and TSS (7.27%) were noted NT plots. On the other hand, minimum PPD (5117 plants ha-1), NFPP (10.2) and hence crop yield (3.70 t ha-1) were obtained with NT, while the minimum values of FW (63.6 g), FL (61.0 mm), FD (53.6 mm) and TSS (5.81%) were noted in case of CT treatment. Therefore, one pass of moldboard plow followed by two passes of disk harrow was found to be more appropriate and profitable tillage method in improving crop yield of tomato in the arid lands of Iran.

Keywordsconventional tillage; conservation tillage; minimum tillage; no-tillage; tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum); Crop yield; Arid lands; Varamin; Iran
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300210. Sustainable agricultural development
300205. Agricultural production systems simulation
409901. Agricultural engineering
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsIslamic Azad University, Iran
National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
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