Examining how questions function in a qualitative research interview

Poster


Christensen, Steven A. and Fiechtner, A.. 2010. "Examining how questions function in a qualitative research interview." Mrowinski, Vicky, Kyrios, Michael and Voudouris, Nicholas (ed.) 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP 2010). Melbourne, Australia 11 - 16 Jul 2010 Melbourne, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Examining how questions function in a qualitative research interview

Presentation TypePoster
AuthorsChristensen, Steven A. (Author) and Fiechtner, A. (Author)
EditorsMrowinski, Vicky, Kyrios, Michael and Voudouris, Nicholas
Journal or Proceedings TitleAbstracts of the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology
Number of Pages2
Year2010
Place of PublicationMelbourne, Australia
ISBN9780909881467
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://www.icap2010.com
Conference/Event27th International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP 2010)
Event Details
27th International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP 2010)
Event Date
11 to end of 16 Jul 2010
Event Location
Melbourne, Australia
Abstract

The general aim of this study was to describe some of the discursive practices for managing qualitative research interviews. The specific aim was to examine the form, function, and location of questions in a qualitative research interview. A conversation analysis (cf., Sacks, 1992) of 266 lines of transcribed talk from New Zealand
Interview 2 (van den Berg, Wetherell, & Houtkoop-Steenstra, 2003) on race relations in New Zealand during the 1980s was completed. First, question-like utterances were identified in the transcript. Second, morphosyntactic clauses were categorised using Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, & Svartik’s (1985) taxonomy. Third, the talk immediately before, during, and after each question turn was examined to see whether it was: (a) located on completion of a previous action; (b) marked by lexical elements and/or
prosody; (c) repaired or abandoned; and (d) elicited a type-conforming response from the recipient. There was no direct association between the syntactic form and function so questions could be produced from declarative, interrogative, and imperative clauses in qualitative research interviews. There was no unambiguous intonation contour that marked questions, and participants used sequential, semantic, and interactional features (e.g.,
repairs) in the talk to recognise a question, and
produce a relevant response in the qualitative research interview. Morphosyntactic form, intonation, and sequential position are inseparable in questions produced in a qualitative research interview. Recipients use
these resources to recognise utterances as questions. Interviewer-interviewee interactions in the answer sequence shape intelligible answers so that are relevant to the question. Thus answers are responses co-produced by the interviewer and interviewee. These findings display how interviews are socially constructed and culturally informed events.

Keywordsresearch interviews, discursive practices, questions, managing qualitative research interviews, conversation analysis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520105. Psychological methodology, design and analysis
Public Notes

Poster presentation - only abstracts published in conference proceedings, as supplied here.

Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Psychology
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https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q0060/examining-how-questions-function-in-a-qualitative-research-interview

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