Kinematic analysis of the Gaylord 1 on uneven bars by Mo Huilan (China)

Paper


McLaughlin, P. A., Geiblinger, H. and Morrison, W. E.. 1996. "Kinematic analysis of the Gaylord 1 on uneven bars by Mo Huilan (China)." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.
Paper/Presentation Title

Kinematic analysis of the Gaylord 1 on uneven bars by Mo Huilan (China)

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsMcLaughlin, P. A. (Author), Geiblinger, H. (Author) and Morrison, W. E. (Author)
EditorsBauer, Tony
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the XIII International Symposium On Biomechanics In Sports
Number of Pages4
Year1996
Place of PublicationOntario, Canada
ISBN0886630215
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttps://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/issue/view/ISBS1995
Conference/Event13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995)
Event Details
13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995)
Event Date
18 to end of 22 Jul 1995
Event Location
Ontario, Canada
Abstract

The Gaylord I was first performed in the early 80's on the men's high bar. The skill involves performing a 1 l/2 forward tucked salto over the bar to forward swing in hang. At the 1994 World Gymnastics Championships in Brisbane, Mo Huilan, a female gymnast from China, became the first woman to complete the Gaylord I on the uneven bars at a major world championship. Data was collected using two Panasonic F15 video cameras gen-locked and field synchronised operating at 50Hz, 3D reconstruction was performed using the PEAK motion d y s i s system. Raw data was filtered using optimal filter levels as set by the PEAK software. Comparison with values from previous studies of the Gaylord I on men' s horizontal bar were carried out. Centre of mass parameters at release indicate a vertical velocity of 2.2Ws and horizontal velocity of 0.7m/s, with an angle of CM location at release of 380'.Bruggeman et al. (1994) reported values of 4.22m/s, 1.36ds and 392 inches respectively for these three parameters (seven males, 1992 Olympics). Maximal height of the CM was 2.83m. The physical characteristics of this athlete compliment her gymnastic ability in performing this skill. At a height of 1.3mand weight of 29kg Mo is able to produce a small moment of inertia around the transverse axis at release by developing an over arch of the body and flexing at the hip and knee prior to release. Flexion at the hip and knee allows her to reduce the moment of inertia in the upswing allowing her to develop greater release velocity. The position of the low bar also has a negative affect on the performance of this skill on the uneven bars. The Gaylord I was performed with the gymnast was heading back towards the low bar. Consequently, the skill required a great deal of courage to complete successfully. Certainly, this is a factor that the male gymnasts do not have to contend with, as missing the baron regrasp does not have the same consequences as it would for female gymnasts. This would appear to be one reason that this skill has only recently been performed by a female gymnast.

Keywordskinematics; uneven bars; release-regrasp skill
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
420701. Biomechanics
Public Notes

© 1996: The International Society for Biomechanics in Sport.

Byline AffiliationsVictoria University of Technology
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q32v6/kinematic-analysis-of-the-gaylord-1-on-uneven-bars-by-mo-huilan-china

  • 1646
    total views
  • 9
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Developing english language learners linguistic efficacy through total physical response storytelling drawing on understanding of the 'flow' phenomenon-
Zavros, Agli and Geiblinger, Helmut. 2012. "Developing english language learners linguistic efficacy through total physical response storytelling drawing on understanding of the 'flow' phenomenon- ." Wright, Jan (ed.) Joint International Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education and the Asia Pacific Educational Research Association (AARE 2012): Regional and Global Cooperation in Educational Research. Sydney, Australia 02 - 06 Dec 2012 Sydney, Australia.
World Gymnastics Championship, Brisbane, 1994: a biomechanical analysis
Geiblinger, Helmut, Morrison, William, McLaughlin, Patrick and Wrigley, Tim. 1997. World Gymnastics Championship, Brisbane, 1994: a biomechanical analysis. Belconnen, ACT, Australia. Australian Sports Commission.
Biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations
Geiblinger, Helmut and Chiu, Lee Huang. 1995. Biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations. Melbourne, Australia. Victoria University.
Paediatric perspective of biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations
Geiblinger, Helmut, Lee, Huang Chiu and Morrison, W. E.. 1995. "Paediatric perspective of biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations." Lim, Meng and Low, Johna (ed.) Asian-Pacific Paediatric Nursing Conference: Health, Culture and Well-Being (1995). Melbourne, Australia 22 - 23 Jun 1995 Australia.
Considerations for controlled competition landings in gymnastics: aggregated opinions of experts
Geiblinger, Helmut and Dowden, Tony. 2015. "Considerations for controlled competition landings in gymnastics: aggregated opinions of experts." Science of Gymnastics Journal. 7 (3), pp. 47-58.
Juggling research with teaching: building capacity in a university research team
Baguley, Margaret and Geiblinger, Helmut. 2011. "Juggling research with teaching: building capacity in a university research team." Abawi, Lindy, Conway, Joan M. and Henderson, Robyn (ed.) Creating connections in teaching and learning. Charlotte, NC, United States. Information Age Publishing. pp. 191-206
Take-off kinematics of beam dismounts
McLaughlin, P. A., Geiblinger, H. and Morrison, W. E.. 1996. "Take-off kinematics of beam dismounts." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.
Landing characteristics of double back somersaults on the floor
Geiblinger, H., Morrison, W. E. and McLaughlin, P. A.. 1996. "Landing characteristics of double back somersaults on the floor." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.
Biomechanical analysis of the 'O'Neill' (stretched double felge backward to forward swing in hang on the rings)
Geiblinger, H., Morrison, W. E. and McLaughlin, P. A.. 1996. "Biomechanical analysis of the 'O'Neill' (stretched double felge backward to forward swing in hang on the rings)." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.
Take-off characteristics of double back somersaults on the floor
Geiblinger, H., Morrison, W. E. and McLaughlin, P. A.. 1996. "Take-off characteristics of double back somersaults on the floor." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.
Landing kinematics of horizontal bar dismounts
Geiblinger, H., McLaughlin, P. A. and Morrison, W. E.. 1996. "Landing kinematics of horizontal bar dismounts." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.