Paediatric perspective of biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations

Paper


Geiblinger, Helmut, Lee, Huang Chiu and Morrison, W. E.. 1995. "Paediatric perspective of biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations." Lim, Meng and Low, Johna (ed.) Asian-Pacific Paediatric Nursing Conference: Health, Culture and Well-Being (1995). Melbourne, Australia 22 - 23 Jun 1995 Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Paediatric perspective of biomechanical analysis of female gymnasts' landings: safety considerations

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsGeiblinger, Helmut (Author), Lee, Huang Chiu (Author) and Morrison, W. E. (Author)
EditorsLim, Meng and Low, Johna
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the Asian-Pacific Paediatric Nursing Conference
Number of Pages14
Year1995
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISBN9781862724778
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttps://books.google.com.au/books/about/Health_Culture_and_Well_being.html?id=5gS5AAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y
Conference/EventAsian-Pacific Paediatric Nursing Conference: Health, Culture and Well-Being (1995)
Event Details
Asian-Pacific Paediatric Nursing Conference: Health, Culture and Well-Being (1995)
Event Date
22 to end of 23 Jun 1995
Event Location
Melbourne, Australia
Abstract

Long hours of gymnastics training, combined with the difficulty and complexity of skills, produce a considerable load on the musculo-skeletal system. Previous research (Snook, 1979; McNitt-Gray, 1991, 1993; Brueggemann, 1993; McNitt-Gray et. al., 1994) shows that modern women's artistic gymnastics has a high incidence of injury, especially in the lower extremities and the lumbar spine area. The purpose of this study was to measure the magnitude of the peak vertical ground reaction forces (PVGRF) during landing in selected skills performed on floor by junior female gymnasts. Subjects were 10 female sub-junior elite gymnasts from the Victoria Institute of Sport Women's Artistic Gymnastic Centre, and four Australian Gymnastics Federation level eight standard female gymnasts. Kinematics and kinetic data were captured on video (3-D) and force platform acquisition systems. Forces obtained via PVGRF indicate the load on the lumbar spine and this the likelihood of contributing to injury. The relationship between the PVGRF and the linear and angular kinematics is assessed to identify landing techniques that reduce PVGRF. Comparison of the analysed kinematic and PVGRF data of the VIS and level eight gymnasts performing the 'JSBLFP' indicated that higher PVGRF, longer landing phase times and greater knee and hip flexion were measured for the level eight gymnasts. The most crucial mechanical factors at landings are the maximum CM height before landing and the CM displacement from touch-down to the lowest CM position during landing. High loads and stresses placed on the lumbar region through repetitive 'solid' gymnastic landings over a long period of time, causes increased risk of injury to the lumbar spine.

Keywordspaediatric; female gymnasts; biomechanical analysis; safety considerations
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
420701. Biomechanics
Byline AffiliationsVictoria University of Technology
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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