Take-off kinematics of beam dismounts

Paper


McLaughlin, P. A., Geiblinger, H. and Morrison, W. E.. 1996. "Take-off kinematics of beam dismounts." Bauer, Tony (ed.) 13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995). Ontario, Canada 18 - 22 Jul 1995 Ontario, Canada.
Paper/Presentation Title

Take-off kinematics of beam dismounts

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsMcLaughlin, P. A. (Author), Geiblinger, H. (Author) and Morrison, W. E. (Author)
EditorsBauer, Tony
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the XIII International Symposium On Biomechanics In Sports
Number of Pages5
Year1996
Place of PublicationOntario, Canada
ISBN0886630215
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttps://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/issue/view/ISBS1995
Conference/Event13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995)
Event Details
13th International Symposium for Biomechanics in Sport (ISBS-1995)
Event Date
18 to end of 22 Jul 1995
Event Location
Ontario, Canada
Abstract

Beam dismounts require great courage, the highest level of precision of movement, and a special take-off technique. They have only marginally increased in difficulty in recent years, however, their technical execution has reached close to technical perfection. The technical criteria for the execution of successful beam dismounts are essentially similar to those of floor take-offs. Nevertheless, the configurations of the beam, its small width (10cm) and surface stiffness relative to the floor, put considerable limitations on the performer and subsequently change the take-off technique somewhat greatly. The purpose of the study was to investigate the biomechanical characteristics of dynamic beam dismounts performed by eight female gymnasts at the World Gymnastics Championships in Brisbane, 1994. Data was captured at 50 Hz by two video cameras positioned on the catwalks above the floor of the competition venue, which permitted the calculation of 3D kinematic data. Mean and standard deviations of selected kinematic and temporal parameters were calculated in order to: identify special biomechanical characteristics of takeoff technique for the balance beam, identify the differences in take-offs between the different types of dismounts performed, and to compare the data to those reported previously. Analysis of the data revealed, that the most important performance factor determining somersault height, the vertical velocity at take-off of the CM, ranged from 1.84 to 3.04 m/s, with a mean value of 2.49 ±0.40 m/s, which is considerably lower then for floor take-offs. The mean values for the horizontal velocity at take-off were 1.57.

Keywordskinematics; beam dismount
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
420701. Biomechanics
Public Notes

© 1996: The International Society for Biomechanics in Sport.

Byline AffiliationsVictoria University of Technology
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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