Effects of open-air elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on yield quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr)

Article


Hao, Xingyu, Gao, Ji, Xue, Han, Ma, Zhanyu, Merchant, Andrew, Ju, Hui, Li, Ping, Yang, Wanshen, Gao, Zhiqiang and Lin, Erda. 2014. "Effects of open-air elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on yield quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr)." Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 192, pp. 80-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.04.002
Article Title

Effects of open-air elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on yield quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr)

ERA Journal ID36361
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHao, Xingyu (Author), Gao, Ji (Author), Xue, Han (Author), Ma, Zhanyu (Author), Merchant, Andrew (Author), Ju, Hui (Author), Li, Ping (Author), Yang, Wanshen (Author), Gao, Zhiqiang (Author) and Lin, Erda (Author)
Journal TitleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Journal Citation192, pp. 80-84
Number of Pages5
Year2014
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0167-8809
1873-2305
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.04.002
Web Address (URL)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880914001996
Abstract

Investigations across the world have elucidated common chemical and physiological responses of plants to the influence of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]). Focus is now turning to the influence of elevated [CO2] on yield quality among a number of globally important crops including soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr). Soybean cv. Zhonghuang 35 was grown in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) field experiment at Changping-Beijing (China) under ambient (415±16 µmol mol−1) and elevated(550±19 µmol mol−1) CO2 concentrations. Results showed that elevated [CO2] increased the yields of soybean seeds (g m−2) by 26% and 31% respectively, in 2009 and 2011. Total protein concentration in seeds was significantly reduced by 3.3% under CO2 enrichment, but oil concentration increased by 2.8%. Accordingly, most proteinogenic amino acid concentrations were significantly reduced under elevated [CO2], whilst two fatty acids (linoleic acid and palmitic acid) increased in concentration. The protein and oil yield per unit ground area increased by 24.5% and 32.0%, respectively. Results indicate that whilst future elevated atmospheric [CO2] may improve the oil quantity of soybean, corresponding reductions in the nutritive value are likely to occur.

Keywordsfree-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE); quality protein; amino acids; fatty acids; soybean
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
309999. Other agricultural, veterinary and food sciences not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsShanxi Agricultural University, China
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, China
University of Sydney
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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