Yield and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in winter wheat under elevated CO2: a 3-year free-air CO2 enrichment experiment

Article


Han, Xue, Hao, Xingyu, Lam, Shu Kee, Wang, Heran, Li, Yingchun, Wheeler, Tim, Ju, Hui and Lin, Erda. 2015. "Yield and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in winter wheat under elevated CO2: a 3-year free-air CO2 enrichment experiment." Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 209, pp. 132-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.04.007
Article Title

Yield and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in winter wheat under elevated CO2: a 3-year free-air CO2 enrichment experiment

ERA Journal ID36361
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHan, Xue (Author), Hao, Xingyu (Author), Lam, Shu Kee (Author), Wang, Heran (Author), Li, Yingchun (Author), Wheeler, Tim (Author), Ju, Hui (Author) and Lin, Erda (Author)
Journal TitleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Journal Citation209, pp. 132-137
Number of Pages6
Year2015
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0167-8809
1873-2305
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.04.007
Web Address (URL)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880915001395
Abstract

Fossil fuel combustion and deforestation have resulted in a rapid increase in atmospheric [CO2] since the 1950’s, and it will reach about 550 μmol mol-1 in 2050. Field experiments were conducted at the Free-air CO2 Enrichment facility in Beijing, China. Winter wheat was grown to maturity under elevated [CO2] (550±17μmol mol-1) and ambient [CO2] (415±16μmol mol-1), with high nitrogen (N) supply (HN, 170 kg N ha-1) and low nitrogen supply (LN, 100 kg Nha-1) for three growing seasons from 2007 to 2010.
Elevated [CO2] increased wheat grain yield by 11.4% across the three years. [CO2]-induced yield enhancementswere 10.8% and 11.9% under low N and high N supply, respectively. Nitrogen accumulation under elevated [CO2] was increased by 12.9% and 9.2% at the half-way anthesis and ripening stage across three years, respectively. Winter wheat had higher nitrogen demand under elevated [CO2] than ambient [CO2], and grain yield had a stronger correlation with plant Nuptake after anthesis than before anthesis at high [CO2]. Our results suggest that regulating on the N application rate and time, is likely important for sustainable grain production under future CO2 climate.

Keywordsfree-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE); nitrogen uptake; nitrogen accumulation; winter wheat
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
309999. Other agricultural, veterinary and food sciences not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
University of Melbourne
China Meteorological Administration, China
University of Reading, United Kingdom
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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