Uptake, transport, accumulation and retranslocation of potassium in grapevine rootstocks (Vitis)

Article


Kodur, S., Tisdall, J. M., Tang, C. and Walker, R. R.. 2011. "Uptake, transport, accumulation and retranslocation of potassium in grapevine rootstocks (Vitis)." Vitis: journal of grapevine research. 50 (4), pp. 145-149.
Article Title

Uptake, transport, accumulation and retranslocation of potassium in grapevine rootstocks (Vitis)

ERA Journal ID5407
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKodur, S. (Author), Tisdall, J. M. (Author), Tang, C. (Author) and Walker, R. R. (Author)
Journal TitleVitis: journal of grapevine research
Journal Citation50 (4), pp. 145-149
Number of Pages5
Year2011
Place of PublicationGermany
ISSN0042-7500
Web Address (URL)http://pub.jki.bund.de/index.php/VITIS/article/view/4082
Abstract

The concentration and content of potassium (K) within grapevine can be regulated by selective use of rootstocks. However, the mechanisms by which rootstocks differ in the accumulation of K in the shoot of grapevine are not well understood. Therefore, the current study addresses these issues. Ungrafted rootstocks 140 Ruggeri (140 R) and 101-14 Millardet de Grasset (101-14) were exposed to K tracer rubidium (Rb) in a glasshouse, for 4 hours through roots to study uptake and transport of Rb from roots to shoot, and for 24 hours through leaf to study downward transport of Rb, in each case assessed up to 48 hours following exposure to Rb. Transpiration rates and root traits were also measured. Results showed similar total Rb uptake and similar downward transport of Rb between the two rootstocks but lower accumulation of Rb in the shoot and lower shoot/roots Rb concentration (as a result of higher retention of Rb in roots), in 140 R than that in 101-14. Transpiration rates and total root length (but not total root surface area) remained similar between two rootstocks. The study shows that short term differences in the accumulation of K in roots and shoot between rootstocks are due to differences in the transport of K from roots to the shoot, rather than by differences in net uptake or retranslocation of K. In addition, such differences were not affected by transpiration rates. The results highlight that accumulation of K in shoot of grapevine rootstocks is regulated mainly by roots. Key words: Cation, nutrient, root, shoot, translocation, transpiration.

Keywordscation; nutrient; root; shoot; translocation; transpiration
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300805. Oenology and viticulture
Byline AffiliationsLa Trobe University
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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