Modelling of water and solutes in permanent raised beds

Paper


Cook, F. J., Knight, J. H., Humphreys, E., McHugh, A. D., Tisdall, J., Hamilton, G. and Roth, C. H.. 2009. "Modelling of water and solutes in permanent raised beds." Anderssen, R. S., Braddock, R. D. and Newham, L. T. H. (ed.) 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Cairns, Australia 13 - 17 Jul 2009 Canberra, Australia. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand .
Paper/Presentation Title

Modelling of water and solutes in permanent raised beds

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsCook, F. J. (Author), Knight, J. H. (Author), Humphreys, E. (Author), McHugh, A. D. (Author), Tisdall, J. (Author), Hamilton, G. (Author) and Roth, C. H. (Author)
EditorsAnderssen, R. S., Braddock, R. D. and Newham, L. T. H.
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 18th World IMACS Congress and International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM09)
Number of Pages7
Year2009
PublisherModelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand
Place of PublicationCanberra, Australia
ISBN9780975840078
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://mssanz.org.au/modsim09/B1/cook_B1.pdf
Conference/Event18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
Event Details
18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
Parent
IMACS World Congress and MODSIM International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
Delivery
In person
Event Date
13 to end of 17 Jul 2009
Event Location
Cairns, Australia
Abstract

Permanent raised beds (PRB) are an agricultural cultural method that can improve crop productivity and health of soils. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) has funded a number of projects in developing countries but was concerned that the short-term benefits may be at the cost of longterm losses due to solute pollution of groundwater or salinisation of the beds. A modelling study was undertaken to consider the water and solute flow in raised beds in relation to the soil physical properties to improve understanding of the PRB system. HYDRUS(1D, 2D/3D) was used as the modelling platform. The domain used for the simulations is shown in figure 1. The results show that a simple model for infiltration into the raised beds is useful for estimating the width of the raised bed for most soils especially if the sorptivity was measured on a trial bed. Compaction of the furrow between the beds commonly occurs due to vehicle traffic. Compaction under the furrow was simulated and this showed that water penetration horizontally was slowed as cumulative infiltration with time was reduced. However, for the same amount of cumulative infiltration the penetration horizontally was greater than when no compaction occurred. Drainage of the beds when an impermeable layer occurs in the soil shows that a simple inversion of the moisture characteristic relationship could be used to estimate the water potential profile in the bed. This also shows that for clay soils the beds must be excessively high for them to drain effectively through seepage to the furrow. The leaching of fertilizers by furrow irrigation was investigated to determine at what distance from the furrow fertilisers should be placed to reduce leaching during irrigation. This distance was shown to be soil dependent. Salinisation due to evaporation from a shallow water table is likely to occur if a saline watertable occurs at < 0.5 m in sand and < 1.5 m in loam and clay soils unless properly managed. (Graph Presented).

Keywordsinfiltration; irrigation; moisture content; permanent raised beds; solute transport
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401199. Environmental engineering not elsewhere classified
300206. Agricultural spatial analysis and modelling
300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
Public Notes

Copyright © 2009. The Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand Inc. and the International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation. This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.

Byline AffiliationsCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
Queensland University of Technology
International Rice Research Institute, Philippines
University of Queensland
La Trobe University
Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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