Spring wheat performance and water use efficiency on permanent raised beds in arid northwest China

Article


He, Jin, Li, Hongwen, McHugh, A. D., Ma, Zhongmin, Cao, Xinhui, Wang, Qingjie, Zhang, Xuemin and Zhang, Xirui. 2008. "Spring wheat performance and water use efficiency on permanent raised beds in arid northwest China ." Australian Journal of Soil Research. 46 (8), pp. 659-666. https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07229
Article Title

Spring wheat performance and water use efficiency on permanent raised beds in arid northwest China

ERA Journal ID5248
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHe, Jin (Author), Li, Hongwen (Author), McHugh, A. D. (Author), Ma, Zhongmin (Author), Cao, Xinhui (Author), Wang, Qingjie (Author), Zhang, Xuemin (Author) and Zhang, Xirui (Author)
Journal TitleAustralian Journal of Soil Research
Journal Citation46 (8), pp. 659-666
Number of Pages8
Year2008
PublisherCSIRO Publishing
Place of PublicationAustralia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07229
Web Address (URL)https://www.publish.csiro.au/sr/SR07229
Abstract

Permanent raised beds have been proposed as a more productive and water-efficient alternative to the conventional system of flat, flood-irrigated bays for planting narrow-spaced crops in arid north-west China. Data from a field experiment (2005–2007) conducted in the Hexi Corridor at Zhangye, Gansu Province, China, were used to compared the effects of traditional tillage (TT), zero tillage (ZT), and permanent raised beds (PRB) on crop growth, yield, and water use in a spring wheat monoculture. The results show that PRB significantly (P < 0.05) increased soil water content to 0.30 m depth by 7.2–10.7% and soil temperature to 0.05 m depth by 0.2–0.9°C during the wheat-growing period relative to TT and ZT treatments. Bulk density in 0–0.10 m soil layer under PRB was also 5.8% less than for flat planting treatments. Mean wheat yields over 3 years on PRB plots were slightly greater and furrow irrigation in permanent beds was particularly effective in increasing irrigation water use efficiency (~18%), compared with TT and ZT treatments. This increase in water use efficiency is of considerable importance for these arid areas where irrigation water resources are scarce.

Keywordsbed planting; yield; water content; soil temperature; irrigation; arid areas
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300299. Agriculture, land and farm management not elsewhere classified
300201. Agricultural hydrology
300403. Agronomy
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Byline AffiliationsChina Agricultural University, China
National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Gansu Agricultural Mechanization Bureau, China
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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