Short term agronomic gains from conservation agriculture in NW China

Paper


McHugh, A. D., Li, H., Ma, Z., Cao, X. and Zhang, L.. 2011. "Short term agronomic gains from conservation agriculture in NW China." WCCA 2011: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World . Brisbane, Australia 26 - 29 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Short term agronomic gains from conservation agriculture in NW China

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsMcHugh, A. D. (Author), Li, H. (Author), Ma, Z. (Author), Cao, X. (Author) and Zhang, L. (Author)
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture incorporating 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference (WCCA 2011)
ERA Conference ID80185
Number of Pages4
Year2011
Place of PublicationCanberra, Australia
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://aciar.gov.au/WCCApapers
Conference/EventWCCA 2011: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World
Event Details
WCCA 2011: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World
Resilient food systems for a changing world
Event Date
26 to end of 29 Sep 2011
Event Location
Brisbane, Australia
Abstract

Increased water infiltration and reduction in water and wind erosion is achieved through reduced tillage and retention of ground cover (Ma et al. 2006). So there is more than 4,000,000ha in 14 provinces under conservation tillage in China (Hejin et al. 2007). The challenge for Chinese agricultural is to broadly embrace Conservation Agriculture (CA). Wheel compaction problems can be overcome and significant system benefits achieved by the use of CA and controlled traffic farming (CTF) (Tullberg et al. 2007). Permanent raised bed (PRB) cropping gives positive control of surface water, while also providing the physical guidance system needed for CTF. PRB cropping is highly compatible with CA, and its effectiveness is well documented (Bachmann and Friedrich 2003). Changing soil management practices from intensive tillage to PRB alters the partitioning of the water balance, decreasing soil evaporation and increasing transpiration, infiltration and deep percolation, leading to increased yields and WUE (Wang et al. 2004a and 2004b). PRB plus CA is a way to combine profitable agricultural production with improved sustainability, which has been effective in a variety of agro-ecological zones (McGarry 2006). Key constraints to implementation of CA in NW China are the lack of appropriate machinery, the 'good farming' mindset of conventional tillage and competition for crop residues. However the impetus for CA is the increasing desertification and severe water restrictions imposed on farmers (Xie et al. 2005).

KeywordsLoess; permanent raised beds; conservation tillage; sustainable agriculture
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300210. Sustainable agricultural development
300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
300403. Agronomy
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsNational Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
China Agricultural University, China
Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Gansu Agricultural Mechanization Bureau, China
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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