Conservation tillage improves soil properties and crops yields in North China

Presentation


He, J., Li, H. W., Tullberg, J. N., McHugh, A. D. and Li, H.. 2011. "Conservation tillage improves soil properties and crops yields in North China." WCCA 2011: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World . Brisbane, Australia 26 - 29 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Conservation tillage improves soil properties and crops yields in North China

Presentation TypePresentation
AuthorsHe, J. (Author), Li, H. W. (Author), Tullberg, J. N. (Author), McHugh, A. D. (Author) and Li, H. (Author)
Journal or Proceedings TitleProceedings of the 5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture incorporating 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference (WCCA 2011)
ERA Conference ID80185
Number of Pages3
Year2011
Place of PublicationCanberra, Australia
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://aciar.gov.au/WCCApapers
Conference/EventWCCA 2011: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World
Event Details
WCCA 2011: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World
Resilient food systems for a changing world
Event Date
26 to end of 29 Sep 2011
Event Location
Brisbane, Australia
Abstract

China has 33Mha arid and semi-arid land which is largely located in the 16 provinces of North China. In dryland farming of these areas, wheat (Triticum aestivum) and maize (Zea mays L.) are the main crops that are constrained by adverse weather, water shortage and poor soil fertility. In current cropping system, all the crop residues are removed or burned after harvest before mouldboard ploughing. However, these practices have contributed to an exacerbation of soil, water and nutrient losses. The severe land degradation and serious environmental problems have led the Chinese government to emphasize the need for the implementation of farming practices which contribute to the conservation of soil and water. A vital approach is the use of conservation tillage, which is defined as any tillage and planting system that leaves 30% of crop residue on the soil surface after planting. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture has promoted the widespread extension of conservation tillage since 2002, and by the end of 2009, the conservation tillage area in China was over 3Mha. This paper reports the impacts of conservation tillage on soil properties and crop yields in dryland farming areas in North China.

Keywordsconservation tillage; soil properties; yield; China; Loess; conservation agriculture; soil organic matter
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300205. Agricultural production systems simulation
300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
410601. Land capability and soil productivity
Public Notes

No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit.

Byline AffiliationsChina Agricultural University, China
University of Queensland
National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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