Streamflow and soil moisture forecasting with hybrid data intelligent machine learning approaches: case studies in the Australian Murray-Darling basin
Streamflow and soil moisture forecasting with hybrid data intelligent machine learning approaches: case studies
|Supervisor||Deo, Ravinesh C.|
|Institution of Origin||University of Southern Queensland|
|Qualification Name||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Number of Pages||221|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.26192/5f6974e4dccd5|
For a drought-prone agricultural nation such as Australia, hydro-meteorological imbalances and increasing demand for water resources are immensely constraining terrestrial water reservoirs and regional-scale agricultural productivity. Two important components of the terrestrial water reservoir i.e., streamflow water level (SWL) and soil moisture (SM), are imperative both for agricultural and hydrological applications. Forecasted SWL and SM can enable prudent and sustainable decisionmaking for agriculture and water resources management. To feasibly emulate SWL and SM, machine learning data-intelligent models are a promising tool in today’s rapidly advancing data science era. Yet, the naturally chaotic characteristics of hydro-meteorological variables that can exhibit non-linearity and non-stationarity behaviors within the model dataset, is a key challenge for non-tuned machine learning models. Another important issue that could confound model accuracy or applicability is the selection of relevant features to emulate SWL and SM since the use of too fewer inputs can lead to insufficient information to construct an accurate model while the use of an excessive number and redundant model inputs could obscure the performance of the simulation algorithm.
This research thesis focusses on the development of hybridized dataintelligent models in forecasting SWL and SM in the upper layer (surface to 0.2 m) and the lower layer (0.2–1.5 m depth) within the agricultural region of the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia. The SWL quantifies the availability of surface water resources, while, the upper layer SM (or the surface SM) is important for surface runoff, evaporation, and energy exchange at the Earth-Atmospheric interface. The lower layer (or the root zone) SM is essential for groundwater recharge purposes, plant uptake and transpiration. This research study is constructed upon four primary objectives designed for the forecasting of SWL and SM with subsequent robust evaluations by means of statistical metrics, in tandem with the diagnostic plots of observed and modeled datasets.
The first objective establishes the importance of feature selection (or optimization) in the forecasting of monthly SWL at three study sites within the Murray-Darling Basin. Artificial neural network (ANN) model optimized with iterative input selection (IIS) algorithm named IIS-ANN is developed whereby the IIS algorithm achieves feature optimization. The IIS-ANN model outperforms the standalone models and a further hybridization is performed by integrating a nondecimated and advanced maximum overlap discrete wavelet transformation (MODWT) technique. The IIS selected inputs are transformed into wavelet subseries via MODWT to unveil the embedded features leading to IIS-W-ANN model. The IIS-W-ANN outperforms the comparative IIS-W-M5 Model Tree, IIS-based and standalone models.
In the second objective, improved self-adaptive multi-resolution analysis (MRA) techniques, ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN) are utilized to address the non-stationarity issues in forecasting monthly upper and lower layer soil moisture at seven sites. The SM time-series are decomposed using EEMD/CEEMDAN into respective intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) and residual components. Then the partial-auto correlation function based significant lags are
Since SM is contingent upon many influential meteorological, hydrological and atmospheric parameters, for the third objective sixty predictor inputs are collated
In the fourth objective, a new multivariate sequential EEMD based modelling is developed. The establishment of multivariate sequential EEMD is an advancement
The research study ascertains the applicability of feature selection algorithms integrated with appropriate MRA for improved hydrological forecasting. Forecasting at shorter and near-real-time horizons (i.e., weekly) would help reinforce scientific tenets in designing knowledge-based systems for precision agriculture and climate change adaptation policy formulations.
|Keywords||streamflow, soil moisture, forecasting, machine learning, Murray-Darling Basin, non-stationarity|
|ANZSRC Field of Research 2020||370199. Atmospheric sciences not elsewhere classified|
|370105. Atmospheric dynamics|
|300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling|
|460207. Modelling and simulation|
|469999. Other information and computing sciences not elsewhere classified|
|490199. Applied mathematics not elsewhere classified|
|Byline Affiliations||School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences|
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