Practice does not make perfect: A brief view of athletes’ knowledge on the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives

Article


Larsen, Brianna, Morris, Kirstin, Quinn, Karlee, Osborne, Mark and Minahan, Clare. 2020. "Practice does not make perfect: A brief view of athletes’ knowledge on the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives." Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 23 (8), pp. 690-694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.02.003
Article Title

Practice does not make perfect: A brief view of athletes’ knowledge on the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives

ERA Journal ID9776
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLarsen, Brianna (Author), Morris, Kirstin (Author), Quinn, Karlee (Author), Osborne, Mark (Author) and Minahan, Clare (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal Citation23 (8), pp. 690-694
Number of Pages5
Year2020
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN1440-2440
1878-1861
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.02.003
Web Address (URL)https://www.jsams.org/article/S1440-2440(19)31558-0/
Abstract

Objectives
To assess the knowledge of Australian elite female athletes surrounding the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives.

Design
Cross sectional survey.

Methods
Australian female athletes (n = 189) representing their state and/or country in their respective sport completed a questionnaire comprising questions (multiple choice and short answer) relating to the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives. A knowledge ‘score’ was calculated by allocating one point for each correct answer; the highest knowledge score that could be achieved was 14. Linear regression analysis was used to identify variables that were independently associated with menstrual cycle and oral contraceptive knowledge.

Results
Almost half (47.1 %) of the athletes surveyed were currently using hormonal contraception, the majority (75.3 %) of which used an oral contraceptive pill. Nevertheless, the mean knowledge score achieved by athletes on the questionnaire was 5.03 ± 3.06, with only 8.5 % of athletes achieving a knowledge score of 10 or above. Hormonal contraceptive use and ‘identifying as an individual athlete’ were two factors that were significantly associated with overall knowledge score (p ≤ 0.004), with current hormonal contraceptive users and individual athletes scoring 1.79 and 1.66 points on average higher than non-users and team sport athletes, respectively.

Conclusions
Our findings indicate that knowledge surrounding the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives was low in most elite athletes. Further education is warranted to enable athletes to make informed decisions regarding hormonal contraception, and any educational interventions should be implemented across all athlete groups.

KeywordsElite athletes, Hormonal contraceptives, Contraception, Education
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420702. Exercise physiology
320225. Sports medicine
420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
Queensland Academy of Sport, Australia
Swimming Australia, Australia
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q5y19/practice-does-not-make-perfect-a-brief-view-of-athletes-knowledge-on-the-menstrual-cycle-and-oral-contraceptives

  • 137
    total views
  • 8
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Toward the Menstrual Cycle and Menstruation Among Elite African Women Football Players, Coaches, Health Personnel, and Referees
Mkumbuzi, Nonhlanhla S., Dlamini, Senanile B., Serner, Andreas, Kryger, Katrine Okholm, Brown, Natalie, Larsen, Brianna and Chibhabha, Fidelis. 2024. "Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Toward the Menstrual Cycle and Menstruation Among Elite African Women Football Players, Coaches, Health Personnel, and Referees." Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal. 32 (1). https://doi.org/10.1123/wspaj.2023-0024
Efficacy of conservative interventions for musculoskeletal pain on disability and pain in active serving military personnel – A systematic review
Bounds, Courtney L., Coppieters, Michel W., Thomson, Hayley W., Larsen, Brianna and Evans, Kerrie. 2024. "Efficacy of conservative interventions for musculoskeletal pain on disability and pain in active serving military personnel – A systematic review." Military Medicine: international journal of AMSUS. 189 (1-2), pp. e66-e75. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usac409
Moderate to Vigorous-intensity Continuous Training versus High-intensity Interval Training for improving VO2max in women: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Lindner, Robert, Selva Raj, Isaac, Yang, Angela Wei Hong, Zaman, Shadman, Larsen, Brianna and Denham, Joshua. 2023. "Moderate to Vigorous-intensity Continuous Training versus High-intensity Interval Training for improving VO2max in women: A systematic review and meta-analysis." International Journal of Sports Medicine. 44 (7), pp. 484-495. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-2044-8952
A single online education session improves menstrual cycle and hormonal contraceptive knowledge in elite female basketball players and their support staff
Larsen, B., Minahan, C., McLay-Cooke, R., Cox, K. and Bird, S.. 2022. "A single online education session improves menstrual cycle and hormonal contraceptive knowledge in elite female basketball players and their support staff." New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine. 49 (1), pp. 16-22.
Basketball New Zealand infographic: female athlete health - Part 2: hormonal contraceptives: what are the options?
Larsen, Brianna and Bird, Stephen P.. 2021. Basketball New Zealand infographic: female athlete health - Part 2: hormonal contraceptives: what are the options? Wellington, New Zealand. Basketball New Zealand.
Basketball New Zealand infographic: female athlete health - understanding your menstrual cycle: what’s normal, what’s not?
Larsen, Brianna and Bird, Stephen. 2020. Basketball New Zealand infographic: female athlete health - understanding your menstrual cycle: what’s normal, what’s not? Wellington, New Zealand. Basketball New Zealand.
A survey to identify physically demanding tasks performed during storm damage operations by Australian State Emergency Services personnel
Larsen, Brianna, Graham, Tony and Aisbett, Brad. 2013. "A survey to identify physically demanding tasks performed during storm damage operations by Australian State Emergency Services personnel." Applied Ergonomics: human factors in technology and society. 44 (1), pp. 128-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2012.05.010
Effect of heat on firefighters' work performance and physiology
Larsen, Brianna, Snow, Rodney and Aisbett, Brad. 2015. "Effect of heat on firefighters' work performance and physiology." Journal of Thermal Biology. 53, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2015.07.008
Firefighter feedback during active cooling: a useful tool for heat stress management?
Savage, Robbie J., Lord, Cara, Larsen, Brianna L., Knight, Teagan L., Langridge, Peter D. and Aisbett, Brad. 2014. "Firefighter feedback during active cooling: a useful tool for heat stress management?" Journal of Thermal Biology. 46, pp. 65-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2014.10.003
The injury profile of an Australian specialist policing unit
Larsen, Brianna, Aisbett, Brad and Silk, Aaron. 2016. "The injury profile of an Australian specialist policing unit." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 13 (4), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13040370
Subjective job task analyses for physically demanding occupations: what is best practice?
Larsen, Brianna and Aisbett, Brad. 2012. "Subjective job task analyses for physically demanding occupations: what is best practice?" Ergonomics: an international journal of research and practice in human factors and ergonomics. 55 (10), pp. 1266-1277. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2012.697582
Sleep restriction during simulated wildfire suppression: effect on physical task performance
Vincent, Grace, Ferguson, Sally A., Tran, Jacqueline, Larsen, Brianna, Wolkow, Alexander and Aisbett, Brad. 2015. "Sleep restriction during simulated wildfire suppression: effect on physical task performance." PLoS One. 10 (1), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115329
Multiple days of heat exposure on firefighters’ work performance and physiology
Larsen, Brianna, Snow, Rod, Vincent, Grace, Tran, Jacqueline, Wolkow, Alexander and Aisbett, Brad. 2015. "Multiple days of heat exposure on firefighters’ work performance and physiology." PLoS One. 10 (9), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136413
Simulated firefighting task performance and physiology under very hot conditions
Larsen, Brianna, Snow, Rod, Williams-Bell, Michael and Aisbett, Brad. 2015. "Simulated firefighting task performance and physiology under very hot conditions." Frontiers in Physiology. 6, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2015.00322
The Impact of Heat Exposure and Sleep Restriction on Firefighters’ Work Performance and Physiology during Simulated Wildfire Suppression
Vincent, Grace E., Aisbett, Brad, Larsen, Brianna, Ridgers, Nicola D., Snow, Rod and Ferguson, Sally A.. 2017. "The Impact of Heat Exposure and Sleep Restriction on Firefighters’ Work Performance and Physiology during Simulated Wildfire Suppression." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 14 (2), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14020180
Response of women using oral contraception to exercise in the heat
Minahan, Clare, Melnikoff, Marina, Quinn, Karlee and Larsen, Brianna. 2017. "Response of women using oral contraception to exercise in the heat." European Journal of Applied Physiology. 117, pp. 1383-1391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3628-7
The Effects of Simulated Wildland Firefighting Tasks on Core Temperature and Cognitive Function under Very Hot Conditions
Williams-Bell, F. Michael, Aisbett, Brad, Murphy, Bernadette A. and Larsen, Brianna. 2017. "The Effects of Simulated Wildland Firefighting Tasks on Core Temperature and Cognitive Function under Very Hot Conditions." Frontiers in Physiology. 8, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00815
Identifying and characterising the physical demands for an Australian specialist policing unit
Silk, Aaron, Savage, Robbie, Larsen, Brianna and Aisbett, Brad. 2018. "Identifying and characterising the physical demands for an Australian specialist policing unit." Applied Ergonomics: human factors in technology and society. 68, pp. 197-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.11.012
Oral contraceptives augment the exercise pressor reflex during isometric handgrip exercise
Minahan, Clare, O'Neill, Hailey, Sikkema, Nelie, Joyce, Sarah, Larsen, Brianna and Sabapathy, Surendran. 2018. "Oral contraceptives augment the exercise pressor reflex during isometric handgrip exercise." Physiological Reports. 6 (5), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13629
Immune Response in Women during Exercise in the Heat: A Spotlight on Oral Contraception
Larsen, Brianna, Cox, Amanda, Quinn, Karlee, Fisher, Rhiannon and Minahan, Clare. 2018. "Immune Response in Women during Exercise in the Heat: A Spotlight on Oral Contraception." Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 17 (2), pp. 229-236.
Adding sleep restriction to the equation: impact on wildland firefighters’ work performance and physiology in hot conditions
Vincent, Grace E., Ferguson, Sally, Larsen, Brianna, Ridgers, Nicola D., Snow, Rod and Aisbett, Brad. 2018. "Adding sleep restriction to the equation: impact on wildland firefighters’ work performance and physiology in hot conditions." International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 91, pp. 601-611. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1304-9
The Post-Exercise Inflammatory Response to Repeated-Sprint Running in Hypoxia
Morrison, Jaime, Larsen, Brianna, Cox, Amanda J. and Minahan, Clare. 2018. "The Post-Exercise Inflammatory Response to Repeated-Sprint Running in Hypoxia." Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 17 (4), pp. 533-538.
The effects of hydration on cognitive performance during a simulated wildfire suppression shift in temperate and hot conditions
Cvirn, Michael, Dorrian, Jillian, Smith, Bradley, Vincent, Grace, Jay, Sarah, Roach, Greg, Sargent, Charli, Larsen, Brianna, Aisbett, Brad and Ferguson, Sally. 2019. "The effects of hydration on cognitive performance during a simulated wildfire suppression shift in temperate and hot conditions." Applied Ergonomics: human factors in technology and society. 77, pp. 9-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.12.018
Women’s Football: An Examination of Factors That Influence Movement Patterns
Griffin, Jesse, Larsen, Brianna, Horan, Sean, Keogh, Justin, Dodd, Karl, Andreatta, Melissa and Minahan, Clare. 2020. "Women’s Football: An Examination of Factors That Influence Movement Patterns." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34 (8), pp. 2384-2393. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003638
Inflammation and Oral Contraceptive Use in Female Athletes Before the Rio Olympic Games
Larsen, Brianna, Cox, Amanda, Colbey, Candice, Drew, Michael, McGuire, Helen, Fazekas de St Groth, Barbara, Hughes, David, Vlahovich, Nicole, Waddington, Gordon, Burke, Louise, Lundy, Bronwen, West, Nicholas and Minahan, Clare. 2020. "Inflammation and Oral Contraceptive Use in Female Athletes Before the Rio Olympic Games." Frontiers in Physiology. 11, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00497
Running-intensity fluctuations in elite rugby sevens performance
Furlan, Nicola, Waldron, Mark, Shorter, Kathleen, Gabbett, Tim J., Mitchell, John, Fitzgerald, Edward, Osborne, Mark A. and Gray, Adrian J.. 2015. "Running-intensity fluctuations in elite rugby sevens performance." International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 10 (6), pp. 802-807. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0315
The impact of sleep restriction and simulated physical firefighting work on acute inflammatory stress responses
Wolkow, Alexander, Ferguson, Sally A., Vincent, Grace E., Larsen, Brianna, Aisbett, Brad and Main, Luana C.. 2015. "The impact of sleep restriction and simulated physical firefighting work on acute inflammatory stress responses." PLoS One. 10 (9), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138128
Task-specific effects of modular body armor
Larsen, Brianna, Netto, Kevin and Aisbett, Brad. 2014. "Task-specific effects of modular body armor." Military Medicine: international journal of AMSUS. 179 (4), pp. 428-434. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-13-00318
Body armor, performance, and physiology during repeated high-intensity work task
Larsen, Brianna, Netto, Kevin, Skovli, Daniel, Vincs, Kim, Vu, Sarah and Aisbett, Brad. 2012. "Body armor, performance, and physiology during repeated high-intensity work task." Military Medicine: international journal of AMSUS. 177 (11), pp. 1308-1315. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-11-00435
The effect of body armor on performance, thermal stress, and exertion: a critical review
Larsen, Brianna, Netto, Kevin and Aisbett, Brad. 2011. "The effect of body armor on performance, thermal stress, and exertion: a critical review." Military Medicine: international journal of AMSUS. 176 (11), pp. 1265-1273. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-10-00470