Probit Model for the Women Participate in SMEs Business: A Case Study of Sindh Province

Article


Bhatti, Dr. Nadeem, Ram, Dr. Nanik, Chandio, Fayaz Raza, Shaikh, Faiz M. and Shafiq, Kamran. 2011. "Probit Model for the Women Participate in SMEs Business: A Case Study of Sindh Province." Asian Culture and History. 3 (1), pp. 73-79. https://doi.org/10.5539/ach.v3n1p73
Article Title

Probit Model for the Women Participate in SMEs Business:
A Case Study of Sindh Province

ERA Journal ID200175
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBhatti, Dr. Nadeem (Author), Ram, Dr. Nanik (Author), Chandio, Fayaz Raza (Author), Shaikh, Faiz M. (Author) and Shafiq, Kamran (Author)
Journal TitleAsian Culture and History
Journal Citation3 (1), pp. 73-79
Number of Pages7
Year2011
Place of PublicationCanada
ISSN1916-9655
1916-9663
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5539/ach.v3n1p73
Web Address (URL)https://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ach/article/view/8915
Abstract

The current research explores the women participation in SMEs business by using Probit model. The rapid absorption of women into the labor market has been influenced by several factors. The rapid economic growth was due largely to important growth in the SMEs business, where substantial and proportionally larger increase of female workers has been registered. Among all sectors of the economy, the SMEs have recorded the highest growth rate during the last decade. The increase in the female labor force participation in SMES business may also be attributable to improving economic incentives in employment and policies favoring the employment of women. In addition, the combined effects of increased years of schooling, access to family planning services, improved maternal and child care, leading to arise in the average age at marriage, have allowed women to take advantage of the increased employment opportunities. Survey was conducted from 300 women in SMEs business in rural Sindh by using simple random technique from four districts, Shikarpur, Jacobabad, Kandhkot/Kashmore and Larkana Districts. Questionnaire was the basic tool to find out the major challenges of rural women as an entrepreneur business. It was revealed that there is great potential of rural women I doing the various entrepreneur business like in Kandhkot, Jacobabad, Rali, Ajrak and Sindhi caps they are very much unique and they were generating income from their families. It was further revealed that the rural women is less confident and their husbands were always given them hard time once they are exposing themselves to outside the boundaries of the house. The biggest challenges which they were facing they were doing all business in house, lack of marketing facilities, Karo Kari criminal activities and they were deprived from the basic rights. This study contributes and explores the Rural Women challenges in SMEs business and how these critical unethical problems we can overcome like KARO KARI, and other various social issues growth.

KeywordsWomen, Participation, SMEs, Probit model
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020380109. Industry economics and industrial organisation
380118. Urban and regional economics
380119. Welfare economics
380199. Applied economics not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsNorth American College of Information and Technology, Canada
University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Agricultural College, Pakistan
COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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