Vulnerable Stakeholders’ Engagement: Advancing Stakeholder Theory with New Attribute and Salience Framework

Article


Shafique, Kamran and Gabriel, Cle-Anne. 2022. "Vulnerable Stakeholders’ Engagement: Advancing Stakeholder Theory with New Attribute and Salience Framework." Sustainability. 14 (18), pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811765
Article Title

Vulnerable Stakeholders’ Engagement: Advancing Stakeholder Theory with New Attribute and Salience Framework

ERA Journal ID41498
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsShafique, Kamran (Author) and Gabriel, Cle-Anne (Author)
Journal TitleSustainability
Journal Citation14 (18), pp. 1-19
Article Number11765
Number of Pages19
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2071-1050
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811765
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/14/18/11765
Abstract

Stakeholder engagement is a central tenet for understanding and solving sustainability challenges. Given the existing stakeholder knowledge base and the fact that practitioners mostly focus on the engagement of high-power and salience stakeholders, the interests of low-power and vulnerable stakeholders are often manipulated. Therefore, this research is devoted to the engagement of low-power and vulnerable stakeholders. Grounded in the stakeholder theory and the results of two illustrations, we demonstrate how the physical proximity of vulnerable stakeholders influences salience patterns in a multi-stakeholder engagement context. The contribution of the study is the conceptualisation of proximity as a stakeholder attribute, in addition to power, legitimacy, and urgency, to help managers identify and appropriately engage with vulnerable stakeholders. Thus, we extend stakeholder typologies by incorporating proximity into the existing attribute model. The proposed model addresses the paradoxical nature of stakeholder salience and engagement theories and furthers the sustainability agenda.

Keywordsstakeholder theory; salience; proximity; natural disaster; sustainability; sustainable development goals; SDG
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350703. Disaster and emergency management
350709. Organisation and management theory
350717. Stakeholder engagement
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Southern Queensland
University of Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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