Investigation of Two QTL Conferring Seedling Resistance to Fusarium Crown Rot in Barley on Reducing Grain Yield Loss under Field Environments

Article


Zheng, Zhi, Powell, Jonathan, Gao, Shang, Percy, Cassandra, Kelly, Alison, Macdonald, Bethany, Zhou, Meixue, Davies, Philip and Liu, Chunji. 2022. "Investigation of Two QTL Conferring Seedling Resistance to Fusarium Crown Rot in Barley on Reducing Grain Yield Loss under Field Environments." Agronomy. 12 (6), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12061282
Article Title

Investigation of Two QTL Conferring Seedling Resistance to Fusarium Crown Rot in Barley on Reducing Grain Yield Loss under Field Environments

ERA Journal ID200126
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsZheng, Zhi (Author), Powell, Jonathan (Author), Gao, Shang (Author), Percy, Cassandra (Author), Kelly, Alison (Author), Macdonald, Bethany (Author), Zhou, Meixue (Author), Davies, Philip (Author) and Liu, Chunji (Author)
Journal TitleAgronomy
Journal Citation12 (6), pp. 1-14
Article Number1282
Number of Pages14
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2073-4395
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12061282
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/12/6/1282
Abstract

Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is one of the most damaging cereal diseases in semi-arid regions worldwide. Genetic studies on FCR resistance have mainly focused on disease symptoms measured by the browning of either leaf sheaths in seedlings or stems of mature plants. Two major QTLs conferring FCR resistance in barley, Qcsr.cpi-1H and Qcrs.cpi-4H, were previously identified in the growth room. They could explain up to 33.4 and 45.3% of phenotypic variance, respectively. This is the first study where the possible effects of FCR-resistant loci identified in the previous studies based on seedling assay are tested for their abilities to reduce grain yield loss. Near isogenic lines (NILs) and backcross (BC) lines targeting these two loci were assessed in the 2017 and 2018 crop seasons. Results from the NILs showed that the presence of a resistance allele at either the 1HL or 4HL locus reduced grain yield loss by an average of 12.0% and 10.7%, respectively. Grain yields of the top BC lines containing resistance alleles at both loci were 34.4% higher than the average of the commercial varieties under FCR inoculation. These lines will be highly valuable in breeding barley varieties with enhanced resistance to FCR.

KeywordsFusarium crown rot; host resistance; barley; field assessment
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300406. Crop and pasture improvement (incl. selection and breeding)
300409. Crop and pasture protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds)
Byline AffiliationsCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
Centre for Crop Health
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
University of Tasmania
University of Sydney
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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