Longitudinal trends and predictors of muscle-strengthening activity guideline adherence among Canadian youths

Article


Bennie, Jason A., Smith, Jordan J., Qian, Wei, Leatherdale, Scott T. and Faulkner, Guy. 2022. "Longitudinal trends and predictors of muscle-strengthening activity guideline adherence among Canadian youths." Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 25 (3), pp. 230-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2021.10.008
Article Title

Longitudinal trends and predictors of muscle-strengthening activity guideline adherence among Canadian youths

ERA Journal ID9776
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBennie, Jason A., Smith, Jordan J., Qian, Wei, Leatherdale, Scott T. and Faulkner, Guy
Journal TitleJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal Citation25 (3), pp. 230-234
Number of Pages5
Year2022
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN1440-2440
1878-1861
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2021.10.008
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1440244021004606
Abstract

Objectives
Muscle-strengthening activity (MSE e.g. push-ups, sit-ups, use of weight machines) is linked to multiple health benefits for youth, and is part of the global physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents (5–17 years). However, MSE is rarely assessed in youth health surveillance. This study describes the longitudinal trends and predictors of MSE among a cohort of Canadian youths.

Design
Longitudinal.

Methods
Data were drawn from a cohort of 3366 youths who participated in three waves of COMPASS, a longitudinal study of secondary school students across Canada [Wave 1 (T1) 2015/16, Wave 2 (T2) 2016/17, Wave 3 (T3) 2018/19]. The prevalence of the sample meeting the MSE guideline (≥3 days/week) was calculated for each wave. A multivariable logistic regression assessed the odds of meeting the MSE guideline for each wave (T1 and T2 and T3) across sociodemographic/lifestyle characteristics (e.g. sex, race, regionally, Body Mass Index, and aerobic physical activity).

Results
For the total sample, MSE guideline adherence significantly declined across each study wave (T1 = 57.0%; T2 = 52.0%; T3 = 48.5%; p < 0.001 for linear trend). Population sub-groups less likely to meet the guideline at each wave included females, youth who were underweight or obese, those reporting insufficient aerobic physical activity, those from large urban settings, and youth who identify as Asian.

Conclusions
Among a large sample of Canadian youths, approximately half met the MSE guideline, with this prevalence declining over time. Large-scale MSE interventions are needed to address the low and decreasing adherence to this key modifiable health-related behavior among Canadian youths.

KeywordsAdolescent health; Strength training; Resistance exercise; Cohort
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Byline AffiliationsCentre for Health Research
University of Newcastle
University of Waterloo, Canada
University of British Columbia, Canada
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