Prevalence, Trends, and Correlates of Joint Patterns of Aerobic and Muscle-Strengthening Activity and Sleep Duration: A Pooled Analysis of 359,019 Adults in the National Health Interview Survey 2004-2018

Article


Oftedal, Stina, Holliday, Elizabeth G., Reynolds, Amy C., Bennie, Jason A., Kline, Christopher E. and Duncan, Mitch J.. 2022. "Prevalence, Trends, and Correlates of Joint Patterns of Aerobic and Muscle-Strengthening Activity and Sleep Duration: A Pooled Analysis of 359,019 Adults in the National Health Interview Survey 2004-2018." Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 19 (4), pp. 246-255. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2021-0682
Article Title

Prevalence, Trends, and Correlates of Joint Patterns of Aerobic and Muscle-Strengthening Activity and Sleep Duration: A Pooled Analysis of 359,019 Adults in the National Health Interview Survey 2004-2018

ERA Journal ID9773
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsOftedal, Stina, Holliday, Elizabeth G., Reynolds, Amy C., Bennie, Jason A., Kline, Christopher E. and Duncan, Mitch J.
Journal TitleJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Journal Citation19 (4), pp. 246-255
Number of Pages10
Year2022
PublisherHuman Kinetics Publishers
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1543-3080
1543-5474
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2021-0682
Web Address (URL)https://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/jpah/19/4/article-p246.xml
Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA) and sleep duration have established associations with health outcomes individually but tend to co-occur and may be better targeted jointly. This study aimed to describe the cross-sectional prevalence, trends, and population characteristic correlates of activity-sleep patterns in a population-representative sample of US adults from the National Health Interview Survey (2004–2018).

Methods: Participants (N = 359,019) self-reported aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity and sleep duration. They were categorized as “meeting both”/“meeting PA only”/“meeting sleep only”/“meeting neither” of the 2018 US PA guidelines and age-based sleep duration recommendations. Trends in activity-sleep patterns were analyzed using weighted multinomial logistic regression, and correlates were identified using weighted binary Poisson regressions, with P ≤ .001 considered significant.

Results: “Meet sleep only” was most prevalent (46.4%) by 2018, followed by “meet neither” (30.3%), “meet both” (15.6%), and “meet PA only” (7.7%). Many significant sociodemographic, biological, and health-behavior correlates of the activity-sleep groups were identified, and the direction and magnitude of these associations differed between groups.

Conclusions: Public health campaigns should emphasize the importance of both sufficient PA and sleep; target women and older adults, current smokers, and those with lower education and poorer physical and mental health; and consider specific barriers experienced by minority ethnic groups.

Keywordspopulation characteristics; epidemiology; resistance training
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Newcastle
Flinders University
Institute for Resilient Regions
University of Pittsburgh, United States
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