Farm level adaptation to climate change: insight from rice farmers in the coastal region of Bangladesh

Article


Islam, Faijul, Alam, G. M. Monirul, Begum, Rokeya, Sarker, Md Nazirul Islam and Bhandari, Humnath. 2022. "Farm level adaptation to climate change: insight from rice farmers in the coastal region of Bangladesh." Local Environment: the international journal of justice and sustainability. 27 (6), pp. 671-681. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2022.2068139
Article Title

Farm level adaptation to climate change: insight from rice farmers in the coastal region of Bangladesh

ERA Journal ID36329
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsIslam, Faijul, Alam, G. M. Monirul, Begum, Rokeya, Sarker, Md Nazirul Islam and Bhandari, Humnath
Journal TitleLocal Environment: the international journal of justice and sustainability
Journal Citation27 (6), pp. 671-681
Number of Pages11
Year2022
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1354-9839
1469-6711
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2022.2068139
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13549839.2022.2068139
Abstract

Coastal agriculture and livelihoods worldwide are highly vulnerable to changing climates, and Bangladesh is no exception due to its geophysical location. This paper examines rice farmers’ vulnerability, adaptation strategies, and adaptation barriers to managing climate change impacts in the coastal region of Bangladesh. Survey data were collected from 220 randomly selected rice farmers located across two coastal districts of Bangladesh. A multinomial logit model was applied to analyze determinants of adaptation strategies of rice farmers. The results reveal that flood is the main risk to vulnerability, followed by cyclones and storms surges and saline intrusion. The main adaptation strategies are cultivating flood and salinity tolerant rice varieties, direct seeding of rice, supplementary irrigation, cultivation of non-rice crops that have shorter growth duration, and rearing of livestock, poultry, and duck. The econometric analysis shows that factors such as household head's education, household income, farm size, access to information, and extension services significantly influence the choice of adaptation strategies of the rice farmers. We recommend to increase investment in research, training of farmers, and targeted extension services to disseminate climate-smart technologies and information for minimising vulnerability of the farmers.

KeywordsBangladesh; rice farmer; climate change; vulnerability; adaptation; coastal region
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Byline AffiliationsSher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh
School of Business
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
Neijiang Normal University, China
International Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh
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