Understanding the socio-economic impacts of climate change on riparian communities in Bangladesh

Article


Filho, Walter Leal, Wolf, Franziska, Abubakar, Ismaila Rimi, Al-Amin, Abul Quasem, Roy, Sajal, Malakar, Krishna, Alam, G. M. Monirul and Sarker, Muhammad Nazirul Islam. 2022. "Understanding the socio-economic impacts of climate change on riparian communities in Bangladesh." River Research and Applications: an international journal devoted to river research and management. 38 (10), pp. 1884-1892. https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.4056
Article Title

Understanding the socio-economic impacts of climate change on riparian communities in Bangladesh

ERA Journal ID5864
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsFilho, Walter Leal, Wolf, Franziska, Abubakar, Ismaila Rimi, Al-Amin, Abul Quasem, Roy, Sajal, Malakar, Krishna, Alam, G. M. Monirul and Sarker, Muhammad Nazirul Islam
Journal TitleRiver Research and Applications: an international journal devoted to river research and management
Journal Citation38 (10), pp. 1884-1892
Number of Pages9
Year2022
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0886-9375
1535-1459
1535-1467
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.4056
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rra.4056
Abstract

Riparian communities in developing countries such as Bangladesh, whose livelihoods depend especially on fisheries and other subsistence activities, are under considerable pressure due to climate change. Therefore, there is a need to better understand how the dynamics of riparian communities are influenced by climate change and how its impacts can be assessed. Using Bangladesh as an example, this paper describes the various climate stressors affecting riparian communities and their socio-economic impacts, and it outlines some measures needed to increase their resilience to a changing climate. The results show that riparian communities are not only quite vulnerable to the impacts of climate change but also have a rather low level of resilience. This challenge can, at least in part, be attributed to their fragile living conditions, which intensify the socio-economic impacts of extreme events. One lesson from the paper is that handling climate-induced risks in riparian communities requires implementing strategic measures to improve local climate and livelihood resilience, such as effective public health infrastructure and a resilient built environment. Win-win scenarios comprise strategies that offer multiple benefits including better water storage, flood control, and improved riparian habitats.

Keywordsriparian communities; adaptation; Bangladesh; climate change; communities
Byline AffiliationsHamburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
Centre For Asian Climate and Environmental Policy Studies, Canada
Daffodil International University, Bangladesh
University of New South Wales
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
University of Southern Queensland
University of Science, Malaysia
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