Impacts of COVID-19 on the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in Developing Countries and Ways Forward

Article


Alam, G. M., Sarker, Md Nazirul Islam, Gatto, Marcel, Bhandari, Humnath and Naziri, Diego. 2022. "Impacts of COVID-19 on the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in Developing Countries and Ways Forward." Sustainability. 14 (3). https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031071
Article Title

Impacts of COVID-19 on the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in Developing Countries and Ways Forward

ERA Journal ID41498
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAlam, G. M., Sarker, Md Nazirul Islam, Gatto, Marcel, Bhandari, Humnath and Naziri, Diego
Journal TitleSustainability
Journal Citation14 (3)
Article Number1071
Number of Pages13
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2071-1050
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031071
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/14/3/1071
Abstract

Fish is a major source of food and nutritional security for subsistence communities in developing countries, it also has linkages with the economic and supply-chain dimensions of these countries. Burgeoning literature has revealed the adverse impacts of COVID-19 on the fisheries and aquaculture sector, which serves as the major source of income and employment for numerous people globally. This study has employed a systematic literature review of the overall impacts of COVID-19 on the fisheries and aquaculture sector in developing countries using the PRISMA approach. This study reveals that COVID-19 has posed numerous challenges to fish supply chain actors, including a shortage of inputs, a lack of technical assistance, an inability to sell the product, a lack of transportation for the fish supply, export restrictions on fish and fisheries products, and a low fish price. These challenges lead to inadequate production, unanticipated stock retention, and a loss in returns. COVID-19 has also resulted in food insecurity for many small-scale fish growers. Fish farmers are becoming less motivated to raise fish and related products as a result of these cumulative consequences. Because of COVID-19’s different restriction measures, the demand and supply sides of the fish food chain have been disrupted, resulting in reduced livelihoods and economic vulnerability. In order to assist stakeholders to cope with, adapt to, and build resilience to pandemics and other shocks, this study offers policy recommendations to address the COVID-19-induced crisis in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

Keywordsfish-food supply chain; aquaculture; small-scale fisheries; fish-based industry
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400306. Computational physiology
Byline AffiliationsBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
School of Commerce
Neijiang Normal University, China
International Potato Center, Vietnam
International Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh
University of Greenwich, United Kingdom
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