A dual-process model applied to two health-promoting nutrition behaviours

Article


Brown, Daniel J., Charlesworth, Jessica, Hagger, Martin S. and Hamilton, Kyra. 2021. "A dual-process model applied to two health-promoting nutrition behaviours." Behavioral Sciences. 11 (12), p. 170. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11120170
Article Title

A dual-process model applied to two health-promoting nutrition behaviours

ERA Journal ID210182
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBrown, Daniel J., Charlesworth, Jessica, Hagger, Martin S. and Hamilton, Kyra
Journal TitleBehavioral Sciences
Journal Citation11 (12), p. 170
Number of Pages20
Year2021
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2076-328X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11120170
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2076-328X/11/12/170
Abstract

We tested a dual process model incorporating constructs that reflect both performing the target behaviour (behaviour directed habit) and habits that run counter to the target behaviour (opposing behaviour habit) in accounting for variance in two health behaviours: eating the recommended serves of fruits and vegetables a day and restricting sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. A prospective correlational design with two waves of data collection separated by one week was adopted. Participants (N = 606) comprising middle school students (n = 266) and university students (n = 340) completed an initial survey comprising self-report measures of past behaviour, intention, and habit to perform the target behaviour and habits that run counter to the target behaviour. One week later, participants (N = 414) completed a self-reported measure of behaviour. Results revealed that behaviour directed habits predicted fruit and vegetable consumption in both samples, while opposing behaviour habits predicted restriction of sugar-sweetened beverages in the middle-school sample only, with a moderating effect also observed. Current findings indicate that habits specifying avoidance of the target behaviour did not predict future behaviour. However, the moderating effect observed provides preliminary evidence that strong habits to perform a behaviour may override habit to avoid the behaviour.

Keywordsstudents; nutrition; counter-intentional habit; habit; intention
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520304. Health psychology
Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
University of California, United States
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