Testing a multi-phase, multi-theory model of health behaviour: exploring fruit and vegetable consumption in long-haul drivers

Presentation


Brown, D., Morrissey, S., Hagger, M. and Hamilton, K.. 2016. "Testing a multi-phase, multi-theory model of health behaviour: exploring fruit and vegetable consumption in long-haul drivers." 14th International Congress of Behavioral Medicine: Behavioral Medicine: Making an Impact in the Modern World (ICBM 2016). Melbourne, Australia 07 - 10 Dec 2016 Springer.
Paper/Presentation Title

Testing a multi-phase, multi-theory model of health behaviour: exploring fruit and vegetable consumption in long-haul drivers

Presentation TypePresentation
AuthorsBrown, D., Morrissey, S., Hagger, M. and Hamilton, K.
Journal or Proceedings TitleInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Journal Citation23 (Suppl 1), pp. s135-s135
Number of Pages1
Year2016
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1070-5503
1532-7558
Web Address (URL) of Conference Proceedingshttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12529-016-9586-3
Conference/Event14th International Congress of Behavioral Medicine: Behavioral Medicine: Making an Impact in the Modern World (ICBM 2016)
Event Details
14th International Congress of Behavioral Medicine: Behavioral Medicine: Making an Impact in the Modern World (ICBM 2016)
Event Date
07 to end of 10 Dec 2016
Event Location
Melbourne, Australia
Abstract

Introduction: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a key modifiable behavior that can help in the prevention of a range of non-communicable diseases. Long-haul drivers are particularly at risk of unhealthy eating yet this population has received limited attention in the literature. We aimed to explore the mechanisms of long-haul drivers’ fruit and vegetable consumption using an innovative three-phase model of health behavior. The current investigation is one of the first to test a multi-phase, multi-theory model combining motivational, volitional, and automatic processes to better understand health behavior decision making. Methods: Participants comprised Australian men aged 19 years and older who drove a heavy vehicle for at least 200 km in a daily work period. Drivers were recruited using a variety of means (e.g., face-to-face, workplaces, social-media) and completed either a paper-based or online version of the survey. Aprospective design with two waves of data collection spaced one week apart was adopted.
Results: Structural equation modelling revealed key constructs from each of the motivational, volitional, and automatic processes significant in predicting fruit and vegetable consumption among long-haul drivers as well as determined the mechanisms by which these processes operate.
Conclusions: The current study used an integrated theoretical approach to develop and test a model based on a multi-phase, multi-theory framework that explained a key healthy eating behavior in a high-risk group of men. Adopting such an approach is innovative and rides on the cusp of very recent research that advocates using multiple theories to develop comprehensive models of behavior change.

ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520304. Health psychology
520505. Social psychology
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Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
Curtin University
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