The impact of gender and age on bullying role, self-harm and suicide: Evidence from a cohort study of Australian children

Article


Ahmad, Kabir, Beatson, Amanda, Campbell, Marilyn, Hashmi, Rubayyat, Keating, Byron W., Mulcahy, Rory, Riedel, Aimee and Wang, Shasha. 2023. "The impact of gender and age on bullying role, self-harm and suicide: Evidence from a cohort study of Australian children." PLoS One. 18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278446
Article Title

The impact of gender and age on bullying role, self-harm and suicide: Evidence from a cohort study of Australian children

ERA Journal ID39745
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAhmad, Kabir, Beatson, Amanda, Campbell, Marilyn, Hashmi, Rubayyat, Keating, Byron W., Mulcahy, Rory, Riedel, Aimee and Wang, Shasha
Journal TitlePLoS One
Journal Citation18
Article Numbere0278446
Number of Pages13
Year2023
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1932-6203
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278446
Web Address (URL)https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0278446
AbstractThere has been limited longitudinal investigation to date into the association between bullying, self-harm, and suicidality in Australia and the impact of specific demographic differences on this relationship. This is despite the continued rise in the incidence of bullying, self-harm, and suicide. As such, the current study draws on data from the Longitudinal Survey of Australian children (LSAC) to examine the association between bullying, self-harm, and suicidality and explore the impact of demographic differences across three bullying related behaviors (being bullied, bullying others and being both bullied and bullying others). The evidence indicates that bully-victims exhibit the highest risk of self-harm and suicidality in Australia. When considering demographic differences, it was identified that females and adolescents aged 16-17-years-of-age had the highest risk of self-harm and suicidality. Further, a direct curvilinear relationship between age and the categories of self-harm was identified with an inflection point around 16–17 years. The study supports the need for further investigation into the association between bullying, self-harm, and suicidality longitudinally with a particular focus on other moderators.
Keywordsgender ; age; bullying; suicide; children
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420201. Behavioural epidemiology
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Business
Queensland University of Technology
University of the Sunshine Coast
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