Informal Caregiving Provision for Disabled or Elderly in the Families and Work Productivity: Evidence from 11 Waves of an Australian Population-Based Cohort

Article


Keramat, Syed Afroz, Hashmi, Rubayyat, Aregbeshola, Bolaji Samson and Comans, Tracy. 2023. "Informal Caregiving Provision for Disabled or Elderly in the Families and Work Productivity: Evidence from 11 Waves of an Australian Population-Based Cohort." PharmacoEconomics. 41 (9), pp. 1117-1136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40273-023-01283-6
Article Title

Informal Caregiving Provision for Disabled or Elderly in the Families and Work Productivity: Evidence from 11 Waves of an Australian Population-Based Cohort

ERA Journal ID14835
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKeramat, Syed Afroz, Hashmi, Rubayyat, Aregbeshola, Bolaji Samson and Comans, Tracy
Journal TitlePharmacoEconomics
Journal Citation41 (9), pp. 1117-1136
Number of Pages20
Year2023
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationNew Zealand
ISSN1170-7690
1179-2027
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s40273-023-01283-6
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40273-023-01283-6
Abstract

Background
Informal carers are family members, friends or neighbours who care for persons in need. In 2018, around one in ten Australians offered some informal care, most of which was unpaid. It is essential to comprehend how informal caregivers’ productivity at work is affected by their caregiving responsibilities. We examine the association between informal caregiving and productivity loss in Australia.

Methods
We utilised 11 waves of data drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Longitudinal random-effects logistic regression and random-effects Poisson regression techniques were used to assess the between-person differences in the association between informal caregiving and productivity loss (absenteeism, presenteeism and working hour tension).

Results
The results suggest informal caregiving is associated with a higher rate of absenteeism, presenteeism and working hour tension. We reveal that absence/leave rates at work are greater for those with lighter, moderate and intensive care responsibilities than those without caregiving responsibilities, given other covariates reference categories remain constant. Our findings also indicate that workers with intensive, moderate, and light caregiving responsibilities have considerably higher rates of working hour tension than their peers without caregiving commitments if other covariate reference categories are held constant. The result further shows that, on average, an individual with lighter, moderate and intensive caregiving roles had incurred AUD 276.13, AUD 246.81, and AUD 1927.16, respectively, in absenteeism costs annually compared with their counterparts without caregiving duties.

Conclusion
Our study reveals that working-age caregivers experience greater absenteeism, presenteeism and working hour tension. Adverse effects of informal caregiving are required to perform the cost effectiveness of an intervention given to caregivers to improve carer and patient health. Our findings will assist health technology assessment (HTA) practitioners in performing an economic evaluation of interventions given to caregivers by providing the indirect cost (productivity loss) of caregiving.

KeywordsInformal Caregiving; Work Productivity
ANZSRC Field of Research 20204203. Health services and systems
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
School of Business
University of Newcastle
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