The risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251 763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: Assessing global, regional and national variations

Article


Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Dawson, Angela J., Chen, Wen, Biswas, Tuhin, Keramat, Syed Afroz, Morton, Rachael Lisa and Renzaho, Andre M.N.. 2022. "The risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251 763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: Assessing global, regional and national variations." Psychological Medicine. 52 (2), pp. 379-397. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291721002774
Article Title

The risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251 763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: Assessing global, regional and national variations

ERA Journal ID6592
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMahumud, Rashidul Alam, Dawson, Angela J., Chen, Wen, Biswas, Tuhin, Keramat, Syed Afroz, Morton, Rachael Lisa and Renzaho, Andre M.N.
Journal TitlePsychological Medicine
Journal Citation52 (2), pp. 379-397
Number of Pages19
Year2022
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0033-2917
1469-8978
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291721002774
Web Address (URL)https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/abs/risk-and-protective-factors-for-suicidal-burden-among-251-763-schoolbased-adolescents-in-77-low-and-middleincome-to-highincome-countries-assessing-global-regional-and-national-variations/28433C25104FD2B5FB2B2BC449FEFF64
Abstract

Background
Adolescent suicide is a global public health concern and the second leading cause of adolescent death worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the burden of adolescent suicidal behaviours and its association with violence and unintentional injury, psychosocial, protective, lifestyle and food security-related factors amongst school-based adolescents across 77 countries in the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions.

Methods
This study comprised a sample of 251 763 adolescents drawn from the latest Global School-based Student Health Survey of school-based adolescents, aged 11–17 years, across 77 countries. Logistic regression analyses were employed to estimate the adjusted effect of independent factors on adolescent suicidal behaviours.

Results
The population-weighted 12-month prevalence of suicidal ideation (SI), suicidal planning (SP) and suicidal attempts (SA) amongst school-based adolescents was 18, 18 and 16%, respectively. Adolescent suicidal behaviours (i.e. SI, SP and SA) were respectively associated with being physically attacked, physical fighting, high levels of anxiety, feeling lonely, being bullied, lack of parental support, poor peer support, not having close friends and high levels of sedentary behaviours. Overall, these associations also extended to the context of food insecurity across regions and country income groups, where the magnitude of association slightly varied from odds ratios of 1.25 times to 3.13.

Conclusions
The burden of school-going adolescent suicidal thoughts, suicide planning and suicide attempts is of particular concern in low-resource countries. Comprehensive suicide prevention programmes for school-going adolescents in LMICs are needed that address socio-cultural inequities related to violence and unintentional injury, social support and psychological factors, protective, and lifestyle-related factors.

KeywordsAdolescents' suicidal behaviours; bullying victimisation; parental and peer supports; psychological factors; sedentary behaviours; violence and unintentional injury
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Is supplemented byThe risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251,763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: assessing global, regional, and national variations – Corrigendum
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Sydney
Western Sydney University
Centre for Health Research
University of Technology Sydney
Sun Yat-sen University, China
University of Queensland
Khulna University, Bangladesh
Burnet Institute, Australia
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Wealth-related inequalities of women’s knowledge of cervical cancer screening and service utilisation in 18 resource-constrained countries: evidence from a pooled decomposition analysis
Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Keramat, Syed Afroz, Ormsby, Gail M., Sultana, Marufa, Rawal, Lal B., Alam, Khorshed, Gow, Jeff and Renzaho, Andre M. N.. 2020. "Wealth-related inequalities of women’s knowledge of cervical cancer screening and service utilisation in 18 resource-constrained countries: evidence from a pooled decomposition analysis." International Journal for Equity in Health. 19 (1), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01159-7
Cost-effectiveness of the introduction of two-dose bi valent (Cervarix) and quadrivalent (Gardasil) HPV vaccination for adolescent girls in Bangladesh
Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Gow, Jeff, Alam, Khorshed, Keramat, Syed Afroz, Hossain, Md Golam, Sultana, Marufa, Sarker, Abdur Razzaque and Islam, Sheikh M. Shariful. 2020. "Cost-effectiveness of the introduction of two-dose bi valent (Cervarix) and quadrivalent (Gardasil) HPV vaccination for adolescent girls in Bangladesh." Vaccine. 38 (2), pp. 165-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.10.037
Effectiveness of psychological interventions on young refugees' social adjustment: a meta-analysis
Ahmadi Forooshani, Sayedhabibilah, Izadikhah, Zahra, Renzaho, Andre M. N. and O'Connor, Peter J.. 2021. "Effectiveness of psychological interventions on young refugees' social adjustment: a meta-analysis." Journal of Refugee Studies. 34 (1), pp. 976-992. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez035
Obesity, long-term health problems, and workplace satisfaction: a longitudinal study of Australian workers
Keramat, Syed Afroz, Alam, Khorshed, Gow, Jeff and Biddle, Stuart J. H.. 2020. "Obesity, long-term health problems, and workplace satisfaction: a longitudinal study of Australian workers." Journal of Community Health. 45, pp. 288-300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00735-5
Correction: Emerging cancer incidence, mortality, hospitalisation and associated burden among Australian cancer patients, 1982 – 2014: an incidence-based approach in terms of trends, determinants and inequality
Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Alam, Khorshed, Dunn, Jeff and Gow, Jeff. 2020. "Correction: Emerging cancer incidence, mortality, hospitalisation and associated burden among Australian cancer patients, 1982 – 2014: an incidence-based approach in terms of trends, determinants and inequality ." BMJ Open. 10 (1). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031874corr1
Determinants of access to eHealth services in regional Australia
Alam, Khorshed, Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Alam, Fariha, Keramat, Syed Afroz, Erdiaw-Kwasie, Michael O. and Sarker, Abdur Razzaque. 2019. "Determinants of access to eHealth services in regional Australia." International Journal of Medical Informatics. 131, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2019.103960
Changes in inequality of childhood morbidity in Bangladesh 1993-2014: a decomposition analysis
Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Alam, Khorshed, Renzaho, Andre M. N., Sarker, Abdur Razzaque, Sultana, Marufa, Sheikh, Nurnabi, Rawal, Lal B. and Gow, Jeff. 2019. "Changes in inequality of childhood morbidity in Bangladesh 1993-2014: a decomposition analysis." PLoS One. 14 (6), pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218515
Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity and their associated risk factors in Nepalese adults: Data from a Nationwide Survey, 2016
Rawal, Lal B., Kanda, Kie, Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Joshi, Deepak, Mehata, Suresh, Shrestha, Nipun, Poudel, Prakash, Karki, Surendra and Renzaho, Andre. 2018. "Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity and their associated risk factors in Nepalese adults: Data from a Nationwide Survey, 2016." PLoS One. 13 (11), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205912