The burden of chronic diseases, disease-stratified exploration and gender-differentiated healthcare utilisation among patients in Bangladesh
|ERA Journal ID||39745|
|Authors||Mahumud, Rashidul Alam, Gow, Jeff, Mosharaf, Md Parvez, Kundu, Satyajit, Rahman, Md Ashfikur, Dukhi, Natisha, Shahajalal, Md, Mistry, Sabuj Kanti and Alam, Khorshed|
|Journal Title||PLoS One|
|Journal Citation||18 (5)|
|Number of Pages||17|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science (PLoS)|
|Place of Publication||United States|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0284117|
|Web Address (URL)||https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0284117|
Chronic diseases are considered one of the major causes of illness, disability, and death worldwide. Chronic illness leads to a huge health and economic burden, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study examined disease-stratified healthcare utilisation (HCU) among Bangladesh patients with chronic diseases from a gender perspective.
Data from the nationally representative Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2016–2017 consisting of 12,005 patients with diagnosed chronic diseases was used. Gender differentiated chronic disease stratified-analytical exploration was performed to identify the potential factors to higher or lower utilisation of healthcare services. Logistic regression with step-by-step adjustment for independent confounding factors was the method used.
The five most prevalent chronic diseases among patients were gastric/ulcer (Male/Female, M/F: 16.77%/16.40%), arthritis/rheumatism (M/F: 13.70%/ 13.86%), respiratory diseases/asthma/bronchitis (M/F: 12.09% / 12.55%), chronic heart disease (M/F: 8.30% / 7.41%), and blood pressure (M/F: 8.20% / 8.87%). Eighty-six percent of patients with chronic diseases utilised health care services during the previous 30 days. Although most patients received outpatient healthcare services, a substantial difference in HCU among employed male (53%) and female (8%) patients were observed. Chronic heart disease patients were more likely to utilise health care than other disease types, which held true for both genders while the magnitude of HCU was significantly higher in males (OR = 2.22; 95% CI:1.51–3.26) than their female counterparts (OR = 1.44; 1.02–2.04). A similar association was observed among patients with diabetes and respiratory diseases.
A burden of chronic diseases was observed in Bangladesh. Patients with chronic heart disease utilised more healthcare services than patients experiencing other chronic diseases. The distribution of HCU varied by patient’s gender as well as their employment status. Risk-pooling mechanisms and access to free or low-cost healthcare services among the most disadvantaged people in society might enhance reaching universal health coverage.
|Keywords||chronic diseases; healthcare |
|ANZSRC Field of Research 2020||420309. Health management|
|380108. Health economics |
|Byline Affiliations||University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh|
|School of Business|
|University of Sydney|
|University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa|
|North South University, Bangladesh|
|Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh|
|Khulna University, Bangladesh|
|Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa|
|University of New South Wales|
|ARCED Foundation, Bangladesh|
|Daffodil International University, Bangladesh|