Effectiveness of psychological interventions on young refugees' social adjustment: a meta-analysis

Article


Ahmadi Forooshani, Sayedhabibilah, Izadikhah, Zahra, Renzaho, Andre M. N. and O'Connor, Peter J.. 2021. "Effectiveness of psychological interventions on young refugees' social adjustment: a meta-analysis." Journal of Refugee Studies. 34 (1), pp. 976-992. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez035
Article Title

Effectiveness of psychological interventions on young refugees' social adjustment: a meta-analysis

ERA Journal ID36012
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAhmadi Forooshani, Sayedhabibilah (Author), Izadikhah, Zahra (Author), Renzaho, Andre M. N. (Author) and O'Connor, Peter J. (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Refugee Studies
Journal Citation34 (1), pp. 976-992
Number of Pages17
Year2021
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0951-6328
1471-6925
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez035
Web Address (URL)https://academic.oup.com/jrs/article-abstract/34/1/976/5486191
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of existing psychological interventions on the social adjustment of young refugees. From 51 peer-reviewed articles identified in the literature, 11 studies with 25 therapeutic effect sizes met criteria for inclusion (N = 1736 individuals). Hedges’s g was used to measure effect sizes, and a random-effects model was conducted. The number of sessions and participant age were considered as potential moderator variables in moderator analyses through meta-regression. The effect sizes of the included studies were compared based on the type of intervention. The results showed that the aggregated effect size for all included interventions was significant, computed as g = 0.14, p < 0.01, 95% CI [0.06, 0.21]. The effect size is considered small, based on Cohen's (1992) guidelines. The results of the meta-regression showed that the effectiveness of the included psychological interventions on social adjustment was not moderated by either number of sessions (b = 0.006 p = .035), or age (b = -0.008, p = .59). Furthermore, there were no significant differences between different therapeutic approaches (Q = 7.37, df (Q) = 6; p = .28). This meta-analysis demonstrates that mental health interventions in young refugees mildly improve their social adjustment. Due to the importance of social adjustment in refugees, we suggest that existing interventions place greater specific focus on improving social adjustment. The details of implications for future studies are discussed.

Keywordsyoung refugees, meta-analysis, psychological interventions, social adjustment, trauma
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520599. Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
520105. Psychological methodology, design and analysis
520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
School of Psychology and Counselling
University of Western Sydney
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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