The effect of emotion regulation on the amount of tension tolerance and emotion regulation difficulties in women with tension-type headaches

Article


Havaiy, Azadeh, Kazemi, Hamid, Habibollahi, Azam and Izadikhah, Zahra. 2017. "The effect of emotion regulation on the amount of tension tolerance and emotion regulation difficulties in women with tension-type headaches." The Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. 24 (10), pp. 840-851.
Article Title

The effect of emotion regulation on the amount of tension tolerance and emotion regulation difficulties in women with tension-type headaches

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHavaiy, Azadeh (Author), Kazemi, Hamid (Author), Habibollahi, Azam (Author) and Izadikhah, Zahra (Author)
Journal Title The Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences
Journal Citation24 (10), pp. 840-851
Number of Pages12
Year2017
Place of PublicationIran
Web Address (URL)http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3694-en.html
Abstract

Introduction: Tension-type headache is a common psychosomatic disease with physical and psychological symptoms causes impairment in different lives. As stress and emotional distress are the start-up factors in different headaches, emotion regulation can be considered as an important factor in effective control and adaptation of this disorder. The present research is trying to investigate the effect of the training of emotion regulation on the level of distress tolerance and reduction of emotion regulation difficulties on female patients with tension headache disorders.

Methods: This is a semi experimental study with pretest-posttest design with a control and experimental groups. The statistical random sampling in this research were taken in Isfahan in the year 91 including female patients effected with tension-type headaches in two groups. 30 patients were selected and randomly assign to experimental and control groups. Before treatment, the patients received questionaires regarding the difficulties of emotion regulations (DERS) and tention tolerance (DTS). Finally, post-test and follow-up activities along with evaluation and measurment of the results were implemented. The duration of the treatment for the research group was 8 sessions (one session each week) and follow-up activities were effected 30 days after post-test. The data was analyzed by spss-20 software with covariance method.

Results: Findings after analysis showed that emotion regulations led to the decrease of the level of the strict difficulties of emotion regulation and also enhancement of distress tolerance of the patients bearing headache tensions. (P<0.001)

Conclusion: Based on these findings, it can be claimed that giving the trainings regarding emotion regulations, while helping patients through giving awareness about their positive and negative emotions, especially by helping them to have access to and put forward their difficulties in due course, can reduce drastically the difficulties of emotion regulation and can enhance tension tolerance level in female patients.

Keywordsemotion regulation, tension headache, psychosomatic disorder
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
520599. Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsShahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Iran
National Research Institute for Science Policy, Iran
School of Psychology and Counselling
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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