Psychological maladjustment mediates the relation between remembrances of parental rejection in childhood and adults’ fear of intimacy

Article


Rohner, R. P., Filus, A., Melendez-Rhodes, T., Kuyumcu, B., Machado, F., Roszak, J., Hussain, S., Chyung, Y.-J., Senese, V. P., Daneshmandi, S., Ashdown, B. K., Giovazolias, T., Glavak-Tkalic, R., Chen, S., Uddin, M. K., Harris, S., Gregory, N., Favero, M., Zahra, S., ..., Roy, K.. 2019. "Psychological maladjustment mediates the relation between remembrances of parental rejection in childhood and adults’ fear of intimacy." Cross-Cultural Research: the journal of comparative social science. 53 (5), pp. 508-542. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397118822992
Article Title

Psychological maladjustment mediates the relation between remembrances of parental rejection in childhood and adults’ fear of intimacy

ERA Journal ID6129
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsRohner, R. P. (Author), Filus, A. (Author), Melendez-Rhodes, T. (Author), Kuyumcu, B. (Author), Machado, F. (Author), Roszak, J. (Author), Hussain, S. (Author), Chyung, Y.-J. (Author), Senese, V. P. (Author), Daneshmandi, S. (Author), Ashdown, B. K. (Author), Giovazolias, T. (Author), Glavak-Tkalic, R. (Author), Chen, S. (Author), Uddin, M. K. (Author), Harris, S. (Author), Gregory, N. (Author), Favero, M. (Author), Zahra, S. (Author), Lee, J. (Author), Miranda, M. C. (Author), Izadikhah, Z. (Author), Brown, C. M. (Author), Giotsa, A. (Author), Vulic-Prtoric, A. (Author), Li, X. (Author), Khaleque, A. (Author), Karadeniz, G. (Author), Machado, M. (Author), Gul, S. (Author), Bacchini, D. (Author), Faherty, A. N. (Author), Zoroja, A. (Author), Aktar, R. (Author), Perrella, R. (Author), Camden, A. A.. (Author), Hossain, M. A. (Author) and Roy, K. (Author)
Journal TitleCross-Cultural Research: the journal of comparative social science
Journal Citation53 (5), pp. 508-542
Number of Pages35
Year2019
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1069-3971
1552-3578
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397118822992
Abstract

This study assesses interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory’s (IPARTheory’s) prediction that adults’ (both men’s and women’s) remembrances of parental (both maternal and paternal) rejection in childhood are likely to be associated with adults’ fear of intimacy, as mediated by adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety. The study also assesses the prediction that these associations will not vary significantly by gender, ethnicity, language, culture, or other such defining conditions. To test these predictions a sample of 3,483 young adults in 13 nations responded to the mother and father versions of the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (short forms), Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (short form), the Interpersonal Relationship Anxiety Questionnaire, the Fear of Intimacy Scale, and the Revised Personal Information Form. Results of multigroup analyses showed that adults’ remembrances of both maternal and paternal rejection in childhood independently predicted men’s and women’s fear of intimacy in all 13 countries. However, remembered maternal rejection was a significantly stronger predictor of adults’ fear of intimacy than was remembered paternal rejection. Results also confirmed the prediction in all 13 countries and across both genders that both maternal and paternal rejection independently predicted adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety, which in turn predicted fear of intimacy. In addition, psychological maladjustment partially mediated the relation between remembrances of maternal and paternal rejection, and adults’ fear of intimacy in all 13 countries and both genders.

Keywordsparental rejection, fear of intimacy, psychological maladjustment, interpersonal anxiety, interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory), gender
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520599. Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
520199. Applied and developmental psychology not elsewhere classified
520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Connecticut, United States
University of Southern California, United States
Central Connecticut State University, United States
Gazi University, Turkiye
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland
Karakoram International University, Pakistan
Incheon National University, Korea
University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy
University of Shiraz, Iran
Hobart and William Smith Colleges, United States
University of Crete, Greece
Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar, Croatia
New York University, United States
University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
University of Southern Queensland
Final International University, Cyprus
University Institute of Maia, Portugal
Chung-Ang University, Korea
School of Psychology and Counselling
Independent Scholar, United States
University of Ioannina, Greece
University of Zadar, Croatia
Maltepe University, Turkiye
Clark University, United States
University of Zagreb, Croatia
University of Chittagong, Bangladesh
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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