Stress fractures of the tibia: can personality traits help us detect the injury-prone athlete?

Article


Ekenman, I., Hassmen, Peter, Koivula, Nathalie, Rolf, C. and Fellander-Tsai, L.. 2001. "Stress fractures of the tibia: can personality traits help us detect the injury-prone athlete?" Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 11 (2), pp. 87-95.
Article Title

Stress fractures of the tibia: can personality traits help us detect the injury-prone athlete?

ERA Journal ID9803
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsEkenman, I. (Author), Hassmen, Peter (Author), Koivula, Nathalie (Author), Rolf, C. (Author) and Fellander-Tsai, L. (Author)
Journal TitleScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Journal Citation11 (2), pp. 87-95
Number of Pages9
Year2001
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationDenmark
ISSN0905-7188
1600-0838
Web Address (URL)http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/sms/11/2
Abstract

One of the few serious drawbacks associated with running
is overuse injuries such as stress fractures of the tibia,
which cause local pain and swelling, often resulting in a
temporary cessation of training. Whereas some runners
rarely become injured, others experience recurrent injuries
even during fairly short periods of time. The aim of the
present study was to compare selected personality traits in
a group of runners who had sustained a previous tibial
stress fracture (n½17), with a matched group of runners
(n½17) who had never experienced stress fractures. The
results indicated that the injured runners, especially the
women, scored higher than the non-injured runners did on
inventories measuring both the Type A behavior pattern
and exercise dependency. Since motivation, ambitiousness, and competitiveness are integral parts of these inventories, high scoring individuals might be part of a high-risk population for running injuries, the more so if the individual also feels dependent on regular running for managing stress related mood states, which was the case particularly for the injured women in the present study. However, the somewhat limited number of runners who had had a confirmatory scintigram, which was a criterion for inclusion in the study, warrants a cautious interpretation of the results. The findings nevertheless suggest that in order to prevent recurrent injuries, health education professionals and clinicians ought to focus on conveying the importance of detecting precursors of injury, and the subsequent steps which should be taken to avoid developing a serious injury.

Keywordsstress fractures; tibia; personality; traits; injury-prone; injury-proneness; athletes
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520107. Sport and exercise psychology
320225. Sports medicine
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Byline AffiliationsHuddinge University Hospital, Sweden
Stockholm University, Sweden
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