Self-esteem and perfectionism in elite athletes: effects on competitive anxiety and self-confidence

Article


Koivula, Nathalie, Hassmen, Peter and Fallby, Johan. 2002. "Self-esteem and perfectionism in elite athletes: effects on competitive anxiety and self-confidence." Personality and Individual Differences. 32 (5), pp. 865-875.
Article Title

Self-esteem and perfectionism in elite athletes: effects on competitive anxiety and self-confidence

ERA Journal ID6553
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKoivula, Nathalie (Author), Hassmen, Peter (Author) and Fallby, Johan (Author)
Journal TitlePersonality and Individual Differences
Journal Citation32 (5), pp. 865-875
Number of Pages11
Year2002
Place of PublicationAmsterdam, Holland
ISSN0191-8869
1873-3549
Web Address (URL)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01918869
Abstract

[Abstract]; The setting of high standards is an integral part of elite sports, and often beneficial for the athlete’s performance. However, individuals who are characterized by frequent cognitions about the attainment of ideal, perfectionistic standards, have been shown to be likely to experience heightened levels of anxiety, due
to discrepancies between ideal and current self/situation. This could of course be detrimental to their sport
performance. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between different patterns of perfectionistic
dimensions and sport-related competitive anxiety and self-confidence, for elite athletes with different self-esteem strategies. The results revealed that the relation between self-esteem and perfectionism differs depending on which dimensions of self-esteem and perfectionism that are being considered. Athletes with a high self-esteem based on a respect and love for themselves had more positive patterns of perfectionism, whereas athletes who have a self-esteem that is dependent on competence aspects showed a more
negative perfectionism. Further, negative patterns of perfectionism were in the present study related to
higher levels of cognitive anxiety and lower levels of self-confidence. Hence, it seems that sport related
anxiety is positively associated to certain patterns of perfectionism, patterns that are more common in
individuals with specific self-esteem strategies.

Keywordselite athletes; perfectionism; personality; anxiety; self-confidence
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520107. Sport and exercise psychology
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsStockholm University, Sweden
Department of Psychology
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