Burnout among elite soccer coaches

Article


Hjalm, Soren, Kentta, Goran, Hassmenan, Peter and Gustafsson, Henrik. 2007. "Burnout among elite soccer coaches." Journal of Sport Behavior. 30 (4), pp. 415-427.
Article Title

Burnout among elite soccer coaches

ERA Journal ID9778
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHjalm, Soren (Author), Kentta, Goran (Author), Hassmenan, Peter (Author) and Gustafsson, Henrik (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Sport Behavior
Journal Citation30 (4), pp. 415-427
Number of Pages13
Year2007
Place of PublicationAlabama, USA
ISSN0162-7341
Abstract

Burnout was investigated in a population of men coaching either men or women at the elite club level in Sweden. Out of 53 presently active top-level soccer coaches, 47 volunteered to participate. Results indicate that 71% of the coaches in the Premier league for women, compared to 23% of the coaches in the Premier league for men, experienced moderate to high levels of Emotional Exhaustion as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory.
One possible explanation for this difference is that only 10% of the coaches responsible for teams in the Premier league for women had full time appointments, as compared to all coaches responsible for teams in the Premier league for men. The latter group also had more support staff, on average six people, whereas those coaching women only had four people available. In addition, leadership demands seem to vary between female and male teams, which together with less support and time-constraints place coaches in the Premier league for women at a relatively higher risk for burnout than coaches in the Premier league for men.

Keywordsburnout; emotional fatigue; organised sports; gender differences
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520107. Sport and exercise psychology
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Byline AffiliationsOrebro University, Sweden
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden
Stockholm University, Sweden
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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