Relationship between locus of control,sense of coherence and mental skills in Swedish elite athletes

Article


Fallby, Johan, Hassmen, Peter, Kentta, Goran and Durand-Bush, Natalie. 2006. "Relationship between locus of control,sense of coherence and mental skills in Swedish elite athletes." International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 4 (2), pp. 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2006.9671788
Article Title

Relationship between locus of control,sense of coherence and mental skills in Swedish elite athletes

ERA Journal ID6326
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsFallby, Johan (Author), Hassmen, Peter (Author), Kentta, Goran (Author) and Durand-Bush, Natalie (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Journal Citation4 (2), pp. 111-120
Number of Pages10
Year2006
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1557-251X
1612-197X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2006.9671788
Web Address (URL)http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1612197X.2006.9671788
Abstract

Differences in competitive performance at the elite level are often attributed more to mental factors than merely inequalities in physical or technical prowess. Many elite athletes consequently engage in regular mental skills training, but some reach a higher standard than others. One suggestion is that trait characteristics may to some extent influence both the acquisition and use of mental skills. Our purpose was therefore to investigate whether or not a relationship could be detected between trait measures related to personal control and mental skills. A total of 198 individual elite athletes completed inventories measuring locus of control, sense of coherence, and mental skills. Results revealed that individuals with an internal locus of control and a high sense of coherence consistently displayed significantly higher scores on 9 out of the 12 mental skills measured by the Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tool‐3 than did athletes scoring lower on the two trait inventories. Findings suggest that individuals who perceive their world to be controllable, manageable, and meaningful have more developed mental skills. The cross‐sectional design does, however, preclude causal inferences, but sport psychology consultants and coaches may still want to consider these findings when tailoring mental skills training programs for individual athletes desiring to achieve performance excellence in elite sports.

Keywordselite athletes; psychological skills; locus of control; sense of coherence
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520107. Sport and exercise psychology
Byline AffiliationsStockholm University, Sweden
Queensland University of Technology
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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