Acute malnutrition in Bangladeshi children: levels and determinants

Article


Rahman, Azizur, Chowdhury, Soma and Hossain, Delwar. 2009. "Acute malnutrition in Bangladeshi children: levels and determinants." Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. 21 (3), pp. 294-302. https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539509335399
Article Title

Acute malnutrition in Bangladeshi children: levels and determinants

ERA Journal ID13423
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsRahman, Azizur (Author), Chowdhury, Soma (Author) and Hossain, Delwar (Author)
Journal TitleAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Journal Citation21 (3), pp. 294-302
Number of Pages9
Year2009
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Place of PublicationThousand Oaks, CA. United States
ISSN1010-5395
1941-2479
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539509335399
Web Address (URL)http://apjph.sagepub.com
Abstract

The main purpose of the study was to identify the levels and determinants of acute malnutrition or wasting in Bangladeshi children. A two-stage stratified random sampling design was used to collect the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data during November 1999 to March 2000, in which 5,333 living children aged 0-59 months and their mothers were weighed and measured to obtain their anthropometric data. The prevalence of wasting was accessed by the Z-scores approach of anthropometric criterion weight-for-height following the WHO guidelines and cut-off points. Results reveal that the prevalence of severe and moderate wasting were more common among children and the overall prevalence of acute malnutrition was about 10%, indicating one of the major public health problems in the country. Multivariate analysis showed that mother’s BMI and media exposure; child’s age and birth size; and respiratory sickness in childhood were significantly associated with both severe and moderate wasting.

Keywordsacute malnutrition; Bangladesh; children; severe and moderate; wasting
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020321005. Public health nutrition
310912. Comparative physiology
420601. Community child health
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Canberra
University of Chittagong, Bangladesh
Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health
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