Stormwater reuse treatment requirements and screening-level risk assessment at two urban spatial scales

Article


Brodie, Ian M.. 2012. "Stormwater reuse treatment requirements and screening-level risk assessment at two urban spatial scales." Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination. 2 (1), pp. 13-21. https://doi.org/10.2166/wrd.2012.072
Article Title

Stormwater reuse treatment requirements and screening-level risk assessment at two urban spatial scales

ERA Journal ID201199
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorBrodie, Ian M.
Journal TitleJournal of Water Reuse and Desalination
Journal Citation2 (1), pp. 13-21
Number of Pages9
Year2012
Place of PublicationLondon, United Kingdom
ISSN2220-1319
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.2166/wrd.2012.072
Web Address (URL)http://jwrd.iwaponline.com/content/2/1/13
Abstract

Monitoring was conducted at two urban spatial scales (lot-scale road surface and residential subdivision) to assess treatment requirements for nonpotable stormwater reuse by irrigation. A screening-level risk assessment was also made focusing on metals, nutrients, cations and pesticides. Composite stormwater samples were taken at two locations in Toowoomba, Australia. Road runoff had higher treatment requirements for suspended solids but less for disinfection. No organic load or salinity reduction is generally needed and pH adjustment is an occasional requirement for road runoff only. For both stormwaters, hardness was rated at very soft which may potentially increase corrosion of irrigation equipment. Sodium adsorption ratios were also low indicating a limited risk of soil degradation under irrigation. Nutrient and metal concentrations also pose a low risk. High turbidity and low alkalinity of road runoff makes it easier to treat with coagulants compared to the subdivision runoff. Pesticide analysis of 121 compounds found road runoff concentrations below levels of detection, except for Simazine and Hexazinone. Although detectable, these pesticide concentrations were within Australian drinking water guidelines.

Keywordsstormwater harvesting; urban runoff; nonpotable reuse; water quality monitoring; risk assessment
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401199. Environmental engineering not elsewhere classified
400499. Chemical engineering not elsewhere classified
349999. Other chemical sciences not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsAustralian Centre for Sustainable Catchments
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q14z7/stormwater-reuse-treatment-requirements-and-screening-level-risk-assessment-at-two-urban-spatial-scales

  • 1894
    total views
  • 11
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

A direct analysis of flood interval probability using approximately 100-year stream flow datasets
Brodie, Ian M. and Khan, Shahjahan. 2016. "A direct analysis of flood interval probability using approximately 100-year stream flow datasets." Hydrological Sciences Journal. 61 (12), pp. 2213-2225. https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2015.1099790
System engineering the engineering education process: a gap analysis
Brodie, Ian and Brodie, Lyn. 2013. "System engineering the engineering education process: a gap analysis." van Huttum-Janssen, Natascha, Lima, Rui M. and Carvalho, Dinis (ed.) 5th International Symposium on Project Approaches in Engineering Education (PAEE 2013): Closing the Gap between University and Industry. Eindhoven, Netherlands 08 - 09 Jul 2013 Braga, Portugal.
Using volume delivery time to identify independent partial series events
Brodie, Ian. 2013. "Using volume delivery time to identify independent partial series events." Water Resources Management. 27 (10), pp. 3727-3738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-013-0377-1
Rational Monte Carlo method for flood frequency analysis in urban catchments
Brodie, Ian M.. 2013. "Rational Monte Carlo method for flood frequency analysis in urban catchments ." Journal of Hydrology. 486, pp. 306-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.01.039
Comparison of plagiarism rates between oncampus and offcampus engineering hydrology students
Brodie, I. M. and Hellyer, L.. 2012. "Comparison of plagiarism rates between oncampus and offcampus engineering hydrology students." Avdelas, Aris (ed.) 40th Annual Conference of European Society for Engineering Education (SEFI 2012): Engineering Education 2020: Meet the Future. Thessaloniki, Greece 23 - 26 Sep 2012 Brussels, Belgium.
Stormwater harvesting and WSUD frequent flow management: a compatibility analysis
Brodie, I.. 2012. "Stormwater harvesting and WSUD frequent flow management: a compatibility analysis." Water Science and Technology. 66 (3), pp. 612-619. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.214
SSUIS: a research model for predicting suspended solids loads in stormwater runoff from urban impervious surfaces
Brodie, Ian M.. 2012. "SSUIS: a research model for predicting suspended solids loads in stormwater runoff from urban impervious surfaces." Water Science and Technology. 65 (12), pp. 2140-2147. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.131
Stormwater harvesting and water sensitive urban design detention: a compatibility analysis
Brodie, I.. 2011. "Stormwater harvesting and water sensitive urban design detention: a compatibility analysis." Nascimento, Nilo (ed.) 12th International Conference on Urban Drainage (IUCD 2011). Porto Alegre, Brazil 11 - 16 Sep 2011 London, United Kingdom.
Application of level spreader grass filter strips in south east Queensland, Australia for discharge reduction and passive irrigation
Brodie, I.. 2011. "Application of level spreader grass filter strips in south east Queensland, Australia for discharge reduction and passive irrigation." Nascimento, Nilo (ed.) 12th International Conference on Urban Drainage (IUCD 2011). Porto Alegre, Brazil 11 - 16 Sep 2011 London, United Kingdom.
Classification of stormwater treatment devices for performance evaluation
Shrestha, R. and Brodie, I.. 2011. "Classification of stormwater treatment devices for performance evaluation." Cowled, Craig J. L. (ed.) 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing (eddBE 2011). Brisbane, Australia 27 - 29 Apr 2011 Brisbane, Australia.
A protocol for the use of particle counting in stormwater suspended solids analysis
Shrestha, Roshani and Brodie, Ian. 2011. "A protocol for the use of particle counting in stormwater suspended solids analysis." Ramilo, Nicole (ed.) 2011 Stormwater Industry Association of Queensland State Conference: Achieving Multiple Outcomes - A Time to Reflect (SIA 2011) . Gold Coast, Australia 25 - 27 May 2011 Brisbane, Australia.
Review of dynamic water allocation systems
Baillie, J. and Brodie, I.. 2011. "Review of dynamic water allocation systems." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
Prediction of stormwater particle loads from impervious urban surfaces based on a rainfall detachment index
Brodie, I. M.. 2007. "Prediction of stormwater particle loads from impervious urban surfaces based on a rainfall detachment index." Water Science and Technology. 55 (4), pp. 49-56. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.094
Stormwater particles and their sampling using passive devices
Brodie, Ian. 2005. "Stormwater particles and their sampling using passive devices." 10th International Conference on Urban Drainage (ICUD 2005). Copenhagen, Denmark 21 - 26 Aug 2005 Lyngby, Denmark.
Stormwater particle characteristics of five different urban surfaces
Brodie, Ian and Porter, Mark. 2006. "Stormwater particle characteristics of five different urban surfaces." Deletic, Ana and Fletcher, Tim (ed.) 7th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling & 4th International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design. Melbourne, Australia 02 - 07 Apr 2006 Melbourne, Australia.
Prediction of stormwater particle loads from impervious urban surfaces based on a rainfall detachment index
Brodie, I. M.. 2006. "Prediction of stormwater particle loads from impervious urban surfaces based on a rainfall detachment index." Deletic, Ana and Fletcher, Tim (ed.) 7th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling & 4th International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design. Melbourne, Australia 02 - 07 Apr 2006 Melbourne, Australia.
Relationships between rainfall intensity, duration and suspended particle washoff from an urban road surface
Brodie, Ian M. and Egodawatta, Prasanna. 2011. "Relationships between rainfall intensity, duration and suspended particle washoff from an urban road surface." Hydrology Research: an international journal. 42 (4), pp. 239-249. https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2011.117
Proof of concept analysis of level spreader – grass filter strips for runoff reduction
Brodie, Ian. 2011. "Proof of concept analysis of level spreader – grass filter strips for runoff reduction." Ramilo, Nicole (ed.) 2011 Stormwater Industry Association of Queensland State Conference: Achieving Multiple Outcomes - A Time to Reflect (SIA 2011) . Gold Coast, Australia 25 - 27 May 2011 Brisbane, Australia.
Commonality of rainfall variables influencing suspended solids concentrations in storm runoff from three different urban impervious surfaces
Brodie, Ian M. and Dunn, Peter K.. 2010. "Commonality of rainfall variables influencing suspended solids concentrations in storm runoff from three different urban impervious surfaces." Journal of Hydrology. 387 (3-4), pp. 202-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.04.008
Australian examples of residential integrated water cycle planning: accepted current practice and a suggested alternative
Brodie, I. M.. 2009. "Australian examples of residential integrated water cycle planning: accepted current practice and a suggested alternative." Desalination and Water Treatment. 12 (1-3), pp. 324-330. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2009.964
A knowledge-information-data concept model for engineering education
Brodie, Ian and Brodie, Lyn. 2009. "A knowledge-information-data concept model for engineering education." Australasian Journal of Engineering Education. 15 (3), pp. 137-144.
Evaluation of greenwaste mulch to control runoff quality from landfill sites during frequent storms
Brodie, I. M. and Misra, R. K.. 2009. "Evaluation of greenwaste mulch to control runoff quality from landfill sites during frequent storms." Water, Air and Soil Pollution: an international journal of environmental pollution. 201 (1-4), pp. 75-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-008-9928-0
Suspended particle characteristics in storm runoff from urban impervious surfaces in Toowoomba, Australia
Brodie, Ian M. and Dunn, Peter K.. 2009. "Suspended particle characteristics in storm runoff from urban impervious surfaces in Toowoomba, Australia." Urban Water Journal. 6 (2), pp. 137-146. https://doi.org/10.1080/15730620802541607
Hydrological analysis of single and dual storage systems for stormwater harvesting
Brodie, I. M.. 2008. "Hydrological analysis of single and dual storage systems for stormwater harvesting." Water Science and Technology. 58 (5), pp. 1039-1046. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2008.469
Using soil loss models to estimate suspended solids concentrations in stormwater runoff from pre-urban areas
Brodie, I. M. and Rosewell, C. J.. 2008. "Using soil loss models to estimate suspended solids concentrations in stormwater runoff from pre-urban areas." Australian Journal of Water Resources. 12 (1), pp. 49-59.
Comparison of storage requirements for two different stormwater harvesting strategies
Brodie, Ian. 2008. "Comparison of storage requirements for two different stormwater harvesting strategies." Stormwater 2008. Surfers Paradise, Australia 08 - 11 Jul 2008 Queensland.
Case studies of applying urban surface data in evaluating stormwater management issues
Brodie, Ian and Young, Frank. 2007. "Case studies of applying urban surface data in evaluating stormwater management issues." Journal of Spatial Hydrology. 7 (2), pp. 1-16.
Use of passive stormwater samplers in water sensitive urban design
Brodie, Ian and Porter, Mark. 2004. "Use of passive stormwater samplers in water sensitive urban design." WSUD 2004 International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design: Cities As Catchments. Adelaide, Australia 21 - 25 Nov 2004 Adelaide, Australia.
Suspended solids in stormwater runoff from various urban surfaces
Brodie, Ian. 2005. Suspended solids in stormwater runoff from various urban surfaces. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Investigation of stormwater particles generated from common urban surfaces
Brodie, Ian. 2007. Investigation of stormwater particles generated from common urban surfaces. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Theoretical relationships between rainfall intensity and kinetic energy variants associated with stormwater particle washoff
Brodie, Ian and Rosewell, Colin. 2007. "Theoretical relationships between rainfall intensity and kinetic energy variants associated with stormwater particle washoff." Journal of Hydrology. 340 (1-2), pp. 40-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.03.019
Comparison of methods to estimate suspended solids loads in urban stormwater
Brodie, Ian and Porter, Mark. 2007. "Comparison of methods to estimate suspended solids loads in urban stormwater." Australian Journal of Water Resources. 11 (2), pp. 221-230.
Using urban surface composition to model stormwater suspended solids: a case study of the effect of rainwater tanks
Brodie, Ian. 2007. "Using urban surface composition to model stormwater suspended solids: a case study of the effect of rainwater tanks." Mimicking Nature - Evolution or Revolution in Stormwater Management (2007). Twin Waters, Australia 19 - 21 Sep 2007 Brisbane, Australia.