Depth of anaesthesia assessment based on time and frequency features of simplified electroencephalogram (EEG)

PhD Thesis


Li, Tianning. 2015. Depth of anaesthesia assessment based on time and frequency features of simplified electroencephalogram (EEG). PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Title

Depth of anaesthesia assessment based on time and
frequency features of simplified electroencephalogram (EEG)

TypePhD Thesis
Authors
AuthorLi, Tianning
SupervisorWen, Peng (Paul)
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameDoctor of Philosophy
Number of Pages114
Year2015
Abstract

Anaesthesiology is a medical subject focusing on the use of drugs and other methods to deprive patients’ sensation for discomfort in painful medical diagnosis or treatment. It is
important to assess the depth of anaesthesia (DoA) accurately since a precise as- sessment is helpful for avoiding various adverse reactions such as intraoperative awareness with recall (underdosage), prolonged recovery and an increased risk of post- operative complications for a
patient (overdosage). Evidence shows that the depth of anaesthesia monitoring using electroencephalograph (EEG) improves patient treat- ment outcomes by reducing the incidences of intra-operative awareness, minimizing anaesthetic drug consumption and resulting in faster wake-up and recovery. For an accurate DoA assessment, intensive research has been conducted in finding 'an
ulti- mate index', and various monitors and DoA algorithms were developed. Generally, the limitations of the existing DoA monitors or latest DoA algorithms include unsatis- factory data filtering techniques, time delay and inflexible.

The focus of this dissertation is to develop reliable DoA algorithms for accurate DoA assessment. Some novel time-frequency domain signal processing techniques, which are better suited for non-stationary EEG signals than currently established methods, have been proposed and applied to
monitor the DoA based on simplified EEG signals based on plenty of programming work (including C and other programming language). The fast Fourier transform (FFT) and the discrete wavelet transforms are applied to pre-process EEG data in the frequency domain. The nonlocal mean,
mobility, permu- tation entropy, Lempel-Ziv complexity, second order difference plot and interval feature extraction methods are modified and applied to investigate the scaling behaviour of the EEG in the time domain. We proposed and developed three new indexes for identifying, classifying and monitoring the DoA. The new indexes are evaluated by comparing with the most popular BIS index.
Simulation results demonstrate that our new methods monitor the DoA in all anaesthesia states accurately. The results also demonstrate the advantages of proposed indexes in the cases of poor signal quality and the consistency with the anaesthetists’ records. These new indexes show a 3.1-59.7 seconds earlier time response than BIS during the change from awake to light anaesthesia and a 33-264 seconds earlier time response than BIS during the change from deep anaesthesia to moderate anaesthesia.

Keywordsdepth of anaesthesia; consciousness; EEG; electroencephalogram; time; frequency
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400305. Biomedical instrumentation
320201. Anaesthesiology
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
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