Decomposition analysis for assessing the United States 2025 emissions target: how big is the challenge?

Article


Shahiduzzaman, Md and Layton, Allan. 2017. "Decomposition analysis for assessing the United States 2025 emissions target: how big is the challenge?" Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 67, pp. 372-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.08.042
Article Title

Decomposition analysis for assessing the United States 2025 emissions target: how big is the challenge?

ERA Journal ID4066
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsShahiduzzaman, Md (Author) and Layton, Allan (Author)
Journal TitleRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Journal Citation67, pp. 372-383
Number of Pages12
Year2017
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1364-0321
1879-0690
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.08.042
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032116304774
Abstract

The United States (US) - the second largest greenhouse gases(GHGs)emitter in the world – has recently pledged a reduction of net GHGs emissions by 26–28% below its 2005 level by 2025. How big is the challenge for the country to achieve this target in terms of its present emissions profile, recent historical trends and the contributions to those trends from key proximate factors contributing to emissions? In this paper we make quantitative judgement of the challenge by using decomposition analysis. Based on
the analysis and the contributions of the key drivers of energy-related CO2 emissions in the recent past,it
appears that it will be quite a challenging task for the government to achieve the recently announced
2025 target. More specifically,to achieve it,the combined average annual mitigating contribution from
energy efficiency,carbon intensity of energy improvements and continued structural change in the US
economy away from emissions-intensive activities will need to be at least 33% higher, and depending on
the extent of continued structural change in the US economy in the future, may even need to be as much
as 42% higher than was apparently the case during the 2000 – 12 period.

Keywordsemissions target; USA; decomposition analysis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

Second prize winner for the USQ Publication Excellence Awards for Journal Articles published during the period September - December 2016.
Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

Byline AffiliationsQueensland University of Technology
Academic Division
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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