Analysis of agriculture-related life-threatening injuries presenting to emergency departments of rural generalist hospitals in Southern Queensland

Article


Pinidiyapathirage, Janani, Kitchener, Scott, McNamee, Sarah, Wynter, Sacha, Langford, Jack, Doyle, Ashley and McMahon, Andrew. 2018. "Analysis of agriculture-related life-threatening injuries presenting to emergency departments of rural generalist hospitals in Southern Queensland." Emergency Medicine Australasia. 30 (6), pp. 587 - 592. https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13215
Article Title

Analysis of agriculture-related life-threatening injuries presenting to emergency departments of rural generalist hospitals in Southern Queensland

ERA Journal ID16047
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPinidiyapathirage, Janani (Author), Kitchener, Scott (Author), McNamee, Sarah (Author), Wynter, Sacha (Author), Langford, Jack (Author), Doyle, Ashley (Author) and McMahon, Andrew (Author)
Journal TitleEmergency Medicine Australasia
Journal Citation30 (6), pp. 587 - 592
Number of Pages6
Year2018
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN1742-6723
1742-6731
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13215
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1742-6723.13215
Abstract

Objective: Agricultural industries are among the most dangerous in Australia posing significant public health risks.This study analyses the nature and management of agriculture-related injuries presenting to EDs in selected hospitals in Southern Queensland.

Methods: Data on agricultural injury presentations over a 6 month period was collected at four rural hospitals by a dedicated onsite hospital data coordinator. Additionally, in two of the participating hospitals all injury presentations over the same 6 month period were recorded. A pre-tested survey instrument, modified for rural settings and designed and developed to export the abstracted data using an iPad application was used as the survey tool.

Results: The incidence of agriculture related injuries was 11% of all injuries, most were males (73%), averaging 40 years. On presentation, 66.5% (n = 234) were categorised as imminently or potentially life threatening with 44% of those patients presenting to hospital ED >3 h after the injury. Large animals were more commonly reported as involved in the aetiology of the presenting injury, particularly using horses and handling cattle.

Conclusions: Agricultural injuries are a significant group of primary care presentations to rural hospitals and training and resourcing for rural hospitals
should reflect this. A better understanding of common injury types can lead to efficient allocation of available resources in rural hospitals and
potentially improve ED practices. The delay in presentation must be considered in response planning both by farmers and hospital EDs.

Keywordsagricultural injuries, farmers, injury prevention,Queensland
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350505. Occupational and workplace health and safety
420299. Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsInstitute for Agriculture and the Environment
Griffith University
Department of Health, Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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