Epidemiology of hypertension in an urban Sri Lankan population

Notes or commentaries


Kasturiratne, A., Warnakulasuriya, T., Pinidiyapathirage, J., Kato, N., Wickremasinghe, A. and Pathmeswaran, A.. 2011. "Epidemiology of hypertension in an urban Sri Lankan population." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 65, pp. A256-A256. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2011.142976i.65
Article Title

Epidemiology of hypertension in an urban Sri Lankan population

ERA Journal ID13634
Article CategoryNotes or commentaries
AuthorsKasturiratne, A., Warnakulasuriya, T., Pinidiyapathirage, J., Kato, N., Wickremasinghe, A. and Pathmeswaran, A.
Journal TitleJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Journal Citation65, pp. A256-A256
Article NumberP2-130
Number of Pages1
YearAug 2011
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0143-005X
1470-2738
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2011.142976i.65
Web Address (URL)https://jech.bmj.com/content/65/Suppl_1/A256.2
Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In Sri Lanka, despite the existence of a universal free health system, services are not available for routine screening of hypertension in the general population. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of hypertension in 35–64 year old residents in Ragama Medical Officer of Health area in the Gampaha district, Sri Lanka.

Methods: An age-stratified random sample of 4400 adults between 35 and 64 years of age drawn from the population based electoral list, was invited for a screening programme on cardiovascular risk factors. Socio-demographic and risk factor related data and anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were obtained by trained research assistants. Blood was obtained for relevant biochemical investigations.

Results: The prevalence of hypertension (systolic >139 mm Hg and/or diastolic >89 mm Hg) in 2986 subjects (Males 45%), was 30.4% (27.8% in males; 32.5% in females). 31.8% (n=288) were previously undetected. Of the known hypertensives, 19.5% were not on anti-hypertensive medication and only 32.1% were controlled (defined by systolic <140 mm Hg and diastolic <90 mm Hg). Factors associated with hypertension in both males and females were body mass index, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose and serum triglycerides.

Conclusions: The prevalence observed is comparable to the prevalences of developed countries with relatively older populations. A considerable proportion of known hypertensives are not on treatment and the observed poor control indicates problems in drug compliance. Interventions targeting lifestyle modification and drug compliance are essential to control adverse outcomes of hypertension.

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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
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