The presumably North American species Plasmopara wilsonii is present in Germany on the ornamental plant Geranium phaeum

Article


Kruse, Julia, Thines, Marco and Choi, Young-Joon. 2016. "The presumably North American species Plasmopara wilsonii is present in Germany on the ornamental plant Geranium phaeum." European Journal of Plant Pathology. 145 (4), pp. 999-1005. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-0885-y
Article Title

The presumably North American species Plasmopara
wilsonii is present in Germany on the ornamental plant
Geranium phaeum

ERA Journal ID2587
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsKruse, Julia (Author), Thines, Marco (Author) and Choi, Young-Joon (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Journal Citation145 (4), pp. 999-1005
Number of Pages7
Year2016
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0929-1873
1573-8469
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-0885-y
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10658-016-0885-y
Abstract

Geranium phaeum is a popular ornamental plant in Europe. Downy mildew disease caused by Plasmopara was found on this plant once 50 years ago in Poland, but at that time attributed to the native species, Plasmopara pusilla. Here we report the recurrence of downy mildew disease on G. phaeum in Germany. Molecular phylogenetic analysis and morphological investigations revealed that the causal agent of the new outbreak is P. wilsonii, but not P. pusilla. Plasmopara wilsonii had previously been found only in the USA and Korea on various hosts of Geranium. The presence of P. wilsonii on G. phaeum in Europe should be closely monitored, as downy mildew caused by this species probably has the potential to become an important emerging disease on its ornamental host, especially, as also the native G. molle is able to sustain the pathogen.

KeywordsCranebills, downy mildew, emerging disease, phylogenetic analysis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310705. Mycology
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Byline AffiliationsSenckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Germany
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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