The SOS-framework (Systems of Sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study

Article


Chastin, Sebastien F. M., De Craemer, Marieke, Lien, Nanna, Bernaards, Claire, Buck, Christoph, Oppert, Jean-Michel, Nazare, Julie-Anne, Lakerveld, Jeroen, O'Donoghue, Grainne, Holdsworth, Michelle, Owen, Neville, Brug, Johannes and Cardon, Greet. 2016. "The SOS-framework (Systems of Sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study." International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 13, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3
Article Title

The SOS-framework (Systems of Sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study

ERA Journal ID13586
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsChastin, Sebastien F. M. (Author), De Craemer, Marieke (Author), Lien, Nanna (Author), Bernaards, Claire (Author), Buck, Christoph (Author), Oppert, Jean-Michel (Author), Nazare, Julie-Anne (Author), Lakerveld, Jeroen (Author), O'Donoghue, Grainne (Author), Holdsworth, Michelle (Author), Owen, Neville (Author), Brug, Johannes (Author) and Cardon, Greet (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Journal Citation13, pp. 1-13
Article Number83
Number of Pages13
Year2016
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1479-5868
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3
Web Address (URL)https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation.

METHODS: A comprehensive concept mapping approach was used to develop the Systems Of Sedentary behaviours (SOS) framework, involving four main phases: (1) preparation, (2) generation of statements, (3) structuring (sorting and ranking), and (4) analysis and interpretation. The first two phases were undertaken between December 2013 and February 2015 by the DEDIPAC KH team (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub). The last two phases were completed during a two-day consensus meeting in June 2015.

RESULTS: During the first phase, 550 factors regarding sedentary behaviour were listed across three age groups (i.e., youths, adults and older adults), which were reduced to a final list of 190 life course factors in phase 2 used during the consensus meeting. In total, 69 international delegates, seven invited experts and one concept mapping consultant attended the consensus meeting. The final framework obtained during that meeting consisted of six clusters of determinants: Physical Health and Wellbeing (71% consensus), Social and Cultural Context (59% consensus), Built and Natural Environment (65% consensus), Psychology and Behaviour (80% consensus), Politics and Economics (78% consensus), and Institutional and Home Settings (78% consensus). Conducting studies on Institutional Settings was ranked as the first research priority. The view that this framework captures a system-based map of determinants of sedentary behaviour was expressed by 89% of the participants.

CONCLUSION: Through an international transdisciplinary consensus process, the SOS framework was developed for the determinants of sedentary behaviour through the life course. Investigating the influence of Institutional and Home Settings was deemed to be the most important area of research to focus on at present and potentially the most modifiable. The SOS framework can be used as an important tool to prioritise future research and to develop policies to reduce sedentary time.

Keywordssitting, sedentary behaviour, determinants, youth, adults, older adults, ageing, life-course, system-based approach, environment, concept mapping, policy, Europe, public health
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020429999. Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsGlasgow Caledonian University, United Kingdom
Ghent University, Belgium
University of Oslo, Norway
TNO, Netherlands
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology, Germany
Pitie-Salpetriere University Hospital, France
University of Lyon, France
VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, Netherlands
Dublin City University, Ireland
University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Australia
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Compernolle, Sofie, Vandelanotte, Corneel, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and De Cocker, Katrien. 2015. "Effectiveness of a web-based, computer-tailored, pedometer-based physical activity intervention for adults: a cluster randomized controlled trial." Journal of Medical Internet Research. 17 (2 (e38)), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.3402
Differences in context-specific sedentary behaviors according to weight status in adolescents, adults and seniors: a compositional data analysis
Compernolle, Sofie, Van Dyck, Delfien, De Cocker, Katrien, Palarea-Albaladejo, Javier, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet and Chastin, Sebastien F. M.. 2018. "Differences in context-specific sedentary behaviors according to weight status in adolescents, adults and seniors: a compositional data analysis." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15 (9), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091916
Do sedentary behaviors mediate associations between socio-demographic characteristics and BMI in women living in socio-economically disadvantaged neighborhoods?
Compernolle, Sofie, De Cocker, Katrien, Abbott, Gavin, Verloigne, Maite, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Ball, Kylie. 2015. "Do sedentary behaviors mediate associations between socio-demographic characteristics and BMI in women living in socio-economically disadvantaged neighborhoods?" International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 12 (48), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0209-1
Cross-sectional associations between home environmental factors and domain-specific sedentary behaviors in adults: the moderating role of socio-demographic variables and BMI
Compernolle, Sofie, Busschaert, Cedric, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet, Chastin, Sebastien F. M., Van Cauwenberg, Jelle and De Cocker, Katrien. 2017. "Cross-sectional associations between home environmental factors and domain-specific sedentary behaviors in adults: the moderating role of socio-demographic variables and BMI." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 14 (11 (1329)), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111329
The effect of pedometer use in combination with cognitive and behavioral support materials to promote physical activity
De Cocker, Katrien A., De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse M. and Cardon, Greet M.. 2008. "The effect of pedometer use in combination with cognitive and behavioral support materials to promote physical activity." Patient Education and Counseling. 70 (2), pp. 209-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2007.10.008
Web-based, computer-tailored, pedometer-based physical activity advice: development, dissemination through general practice, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy in a randomized controlled trial
De Cocker, Katrien, Spittaels, Heleen, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Vandelanotte, Corneel. 2012. "Web-based, computer-tailored, pedometer-based physical activity advice: development, dissemination through general practice, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy in a randomized controlled trial." Journal of Medical Internet Research. 14 (2 (e53)), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1959
What are the working mechanisms of a web-based workplace sitting intervention targeting psychosocial factors and action planning?
De Cocker, Katrien, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet and Vandelanotte, Corneel. 2017. "What are the working mechanisms of a web-based workplace sitting intervention targeting psychosocial factors and action planning?" BMC Public Health. 17 (382), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4325-5
The effectiveness of a Web-based computer-tailored intervention on workplace sitting: a randomized controlled trial
De Cocker, Katrien, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet and Vandelanotte, Corneel. 2016. "The effectiveness of a Web-based computer-tailored intervention on workplace sitting: a randomized controlled trial." Journal of Medical Internet Research. 18 (5), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.5266
Theory-driven, web-based, computer-tailored advice to reduce and interrupt sitting at work: development, feasibility and acceptability testing among employees
De Cocker, Katrien, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet and Vandelanotte, Corneel. 2015. "Theory-driven, web-based, computer-tailored advice to reduce and interrupt sitting at work: development, feasibility and acceptability testing among employees." BMC Public Health. 15 (959), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2288-y
Moderators and mediators of pedometer use and step count increase in the '10,000 Steps Ghent' intervention
De Cocker, Katrien, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Brown, Wendy and Cardon, Greet. 2009. "Moderators and mediators of pedometer use and step count increase in the '10,000 Steps Ghent' intervention." International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 6 (3), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-6-3
Opinions toward physical activity, sedentary behavior, and interventions to stimulate active living during early retirement: a qualitative study in recently retired adults
Van Dyck, Delfien, Mertens, Lieze, Cardon, Greet, De Cocker, Katrien and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse. 2017. "Opinions toward physical activity, sedentary behavior, and interventions to stimulate active living during early retirement: a qualitative study in recently retired adults." Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 25 (2), pp. 277-286. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2015-0295
The association between socio-ecological factors and having an after-school physical activity program
Van Acker, Ragnar, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, De Martelaer, Kristine, Seghers, Jan, De Cocker, Katrien and Cardon, Greet. 2012. "The association between socio-ecological factors and having an after-school physical activity program." Journal of School Health. 82 (9), pp. 395-403. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2012.00711.x
The impact of disseminating the whole-community project '10,000 Steps': a RE-AIM analysis
Van Acker, Ragnar, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, De Cocker, Katrien, Klesges, Lisa M. and Cardon, Greet. 2011. "The impact of disseminating the whole-community project '10,000 Steps': a RE-AIM analysis." BMC Public Health. 11, pp. 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-3
How many steps/day are enough? For adults
Tudor-Locke, Catrine, Craig, Cora L., Brown, Wendy J., Clemes, Stacey A., De Cocker, Katrien, Giles-Corti, Billie, Hatano, Yoshiro, Inoue, Shigeru, Matsudo, Sandra M., Mutrie, Nanette, Oppert, Jean-Michel, Rowe, David A., Schmidt, Michael D., Schofield, Grant M., Spence, John C., Teixeira, Pedro J., Tully, Mart A. and Blair, Steven N.. 2011. "How many steps/day are enough? For adults." International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 8, pp. 79-95. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-79
Socio-Ecological Variables Associated with Context-Specific Sitting Time in Belgian Older Adults: A One-Year Follow-Up Study
Busschaert, Cedric, Scherrens, Anne-Lore, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet, Van Cauwenberg, Jelle and De Cocker, Katrien. 2016. "Socio-Ecological Variables Associated with Context-Specific Sitting Time in Belgian Older Adults: A One-Year Follow-Up Study." PLoS One. 11 (12), pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167881
Socio-Demographic, Social-Cognitive, Health-Related and Physical Environmental Variables Associated with Context-Specific Sitting Time in Belgian Adolescents: A One-Year Follow-Up Study
Busschaert, Cedric, Ridgers, Nicola D., De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Cardon, Greet, Van Cauwenberg, Jelle and De Cocker, Katrien. 2016. "Socio-Demographic, Social-Cognitive, Health-Related and Physical Environmental Variables Associated with Context-Specific Sitting Time in Belgian Adolescents: A One-Year Follow-Up Study." PLoS One. 11 (12), pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167553
Intrapersonal, social-cognitive and physical environmental variables related to context-specific sitting time in adults: a one-year follow-up study
Busschaert, Cedric, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Cardon, Greet and De Cocker, Katrien. 2016. "Intrapersonal, social-cognitive and physical environmental variables related to context-specific sitting time in adults: a one-year follow-up study." International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 13, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0354-1
Validity of the inexpensive Stepping Meter in counting steps in free living conditions: a pilot study
De Cocker, K., Cardon, G. and De Bourdeaudhuij, I.. 2006. "Validity of the inexpensive Stepping Meter in counting steps in free living conditions: a pilot study." British Journal of Sports Medicine. 40 (8), pp. 714-716. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.025296
Views of policy makers and health promotion professionals on factors facilitating implementation and maintenance of interventions and policies promoting physical activity and healthy eating: results of the DEDIPAC project
Muellmann, Saskia, Steenbock, Berit, De Cocker, Katrien, De Craemer, Marieke, Hayes, Catherine, O'Shea, Miriam P., Horodyska, Karolina, Bell, Justyna, Luszczynska, Aleksandra, Roos, Gun, Langoien, Lars Jorun, Rugseth, Gro, Terragni, Laura, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Brug, Johannes and Pischke, Claudia R.. 2017. "Views of policy makers and health promotion professionals on factors facilitating implementation and maintenance of interventions and policies promoting physical activity and healthy eating: results of the DEDIPAC project." BMC Public Health. 17, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4929-9
Sedentary time in older men and women: an international consensus statement and research priorities
Dogra, Shilpa, Ashe, Maureen C., Biddle, Stuart J. H., Brown, Wendy J., Buman, Matthew P., Chastin, Sebastien, Gardiner, Paul A., Inoue, Shigeru, Jefferis, Barbara J., Oka, Koichiro, Owen, Neville, Sardinha, Luis B., Skelton, Dawn A., Sugiyama, Takemi and Copeland, Jennifer L.. 2017. "Sedentary time in older men and women: an international consensus statement and research priorities." British Journal of Sports Medicine. 51 (21), pp. 1526-1532. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097209
From evidence-based research to practice-based evidence: disseminating a web-based computer-tailored workplace sitting intervention through a Health Promotion Organisation
De Cocker, Katrien, Cardon, Greet, Bennie, Jason A., Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy, De Meester, Femke and Vandelanotte, Corneel. 2018. "From evidence-based research to practice-based evidence: disseminating a web-based computer-tailored workplace sitting intervention through a Health Promotion Organisation." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15 (5). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15051049
Managing sedentary behavior to reduce the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease
Dempsey, Paddy C., Owen, Neville, Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Dunstan, David W.. 2014. "Managing sedentary behavior to reduce the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease." Current Diabetes Reports. 14 (9), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-014-0522-0
Too much sitting and all-cause mortality: is there a causal link?
Biddle, Stuart J. H., Bennie, Jason A., Bauman, Adrian E., Chau, Josephine Y., Dunstan, David, Owen, Neville, Stamatakis, Emmanuel and van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z.. 2016. "Too much sitting and all-cause mortality: is there a causal link?" BMC Public Health. 16, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3307-3
'10000 Steps Flanders': evaluation of the state-wide dissemination of a physical activity intervention in Flanders
Dubuy, Veerle, De Cocker, Katrien A., De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse M., Maes, Lea, Metsu, Pieter, Van Acker, Ragnar and Cardon, Greet M.. 2013. "'10000 Steps Flanders': evaluation of the state-wide dissemination of a physical activity intervention in Flanders." Health Education Research. 28 (3), pp. 546-551. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyt039
Socio-demographic, psychosocial and home-environmental attributes associated with adults' domestic screen time
Van Dyck, Delfien, Cardon, Greet, Deforche, Benedicte, Owen, Neville, De Cocker, Katrien, Wijndaele, Katrien and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse. 2011. "Socio-demographic, psychosocial and home-environmental attributes associated with adults' domestic screen time." BMC Public Health. 11, pp. 668-677. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-668