Active Aging and Public Health: Evidence, Implications, and Opportunities

Article


Dogra, Shilpa, Dunstan, David W., Sugiyama, Takemi, Stathi, Afroditi, Gardiner, Paul A. and Owen, Neville. 2022. "Active Aging and Public Health: Evidence, Implications, and Opportunities." Annual Review of Public Health. 43, pp. 439-459. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-052620-091107
Article Title

Active Aging and Public Health: Evidence, Implications, and Opportunities

ERA Journal ID13412
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDogra, Shilpa (Author), Dunstan, David W. (Author), Sugiyama, Takemi (Author), Stathi, Afroditi (Author), Gardiner, Paul A. (Author) and Owen, Neville (Author)
Journal TitleAnnual Review of Public Health
Journal Citation43, pp. 439-459
Number of Pages25
Year2022
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0163-7525
1545-2093
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-052620-091107
Web Address (URL)https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-052620-091107
Abstract

By 2050, 20% of the world's population will be over the age of 65 years, with projections that 80% of older adults will be living in low- to middle-income countries. Physical inactivity and sedentary time are particularly high in older adults, presenting unique public health challenges. In this article, we first review evidence that points to multiple beneficial outcomes of active aging, including better physical function, cognitive function, mental health, social health, and sleep, and we suggest the need to shift the research focus from chronic disease outcomes to more relevant outcomes that affect independence and quality of life. Second, we review the critical role of age-friendly environments in facilitating active aging equitably across different countries and cultures. Finally, we consider emerging opportunities related to social engagement and technology-enabled mobility that can facilitate active aging. In all these contexts, it is a priority to understand and address diversity within the global aging population.

Keywordsenvironment, sedentary behavior, physical activity, social engagement, technology
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420602. Health equity
420201. Behavioural epidemiology
420699. Public health not elsewhere classified
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada
Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Australia
Swinburne University of Technology
University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
School of Health and Wellbeing
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Associations between social ecological factors and self-reported short physical activity breaks during work hours among desk-based employees
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