Effects of replacing sitting time with physical activity on lung function: an analysis of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging

Article


Dogra, Shilpa, Good, Joshua, Gardiner, Paul A., Copeland, Jennifer L., Stickland, Michael K., Rudoler, David and Buman, Matthew P.. 2019. "Effects of replacing sitting time with physical activity on lung function: an analysis of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging." Health Reports. 30 (3), pp. 15-26. https://doi.org/10.25318/82-003-x201900300002-eng
Article Title

Effects of replacing sitting time with physical activity on lung function: an analysis of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging

ERA Journal ID41795
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDogra, Shilpa (Author), Good, Joshua (Author), Gardiner, Paul A. (Author), Copeland, Jennifer L. (Author), Stickland, Michael K. (Author), Rudoler, David (Author) and Buman, Matthew P. (Author)
Journal TitleHealth Reports
Health Reports (Rapports sur la santé)
Journal Citation30 (3), pp. 15-26
Number of Pages12
Year2019
Place of PublicationOttawa, Canada
ISSN0840-6529
1209-1367
1492-7128
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.25318/82-003-x201900300002-eng
Web Address (URL)https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/82-003-x/2019003/article/00002-eng.htm
Abstract

Background: Sitting time and physical activity may be modifiable determinants of lung function. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect that replacing various movement behaviours has on lung function among individuals with and without obstructive lung disease.

Data and methods: For analysis, data were used from participants of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging, recruited between 2012 and 2015. Lung function was assessed using spirometry. A modified version of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly was used to assess sitting time and physical activity levels. Isotemporal substitution analysis was performed to analyze the effects of replacing 30 minutes per day of one movement behaviour with another, keeping the total time constant. Analyses were run separately for individuals with an obstructive lung disease (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] < 5th percentile lower limit of normal; n=3,398), and healthy adults (n=14,707).

Results: When sitting time was replaced with 30 minutes per day of any type of physical activity or sleep, an increase in percent (%) of predicted FEU, (i.e., beta=0.65, confidence interval [CI]: 0.43, 0.88 for replacing sitting time with strenuous or strengthening activity) was observed among healthy adults. Among adults with obstructive lung disease, replacing 30 minutes per day of sitting time or sleep duration with strenuous or strengthening activity was associated with an improvement in the percent of predicted FEV1 (i.e., beta=0.98, CI: 0.13, 1.82 for replacing sleep duration with strenuous or strengthening activity).

Interpretation: Replacing sitting time with physical activity leads to significant improvements in lung function among adults with an obstructive lung disease, as well as among adults without a respiratory disease.

KeywordsAsthma; COPD; Exercise; pulmonary disease; sedentary time
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020320103. Respiratory diseases
420201. Behavioural epidemiology
420799. Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada
University of Queensland
University of Lethbridge, Canada
University of Alberta, Canada
Arizona State University, United States
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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