Sterile v aseptic non-touch technique for needle-less connector care on central venous access devices in a bone marrow transplant population: A comparative study

Article


Flynn, Julie M., Keogh, Samantha J. and Gavin, Nicole C.. 2015. "Sterile v aseptic non-touch technique for needle-less connector care on central venous access devices in a bone marrow transplant population: A comparative study." European Journal of Oncology Nursing (EJON). 19 (6), pp. 694-700. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2015.05.003
Article Title

Sterile v aseptic non-touch technique for needle-less connector care on central venous access devices in a bone marrow transplant population: A comparative study

ERA Journal ID30443
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsFlynn, Julie M. (Author), Keogh, Samantha J. (Author) and Gavin, Nicole C. (Author)
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing (EJON)
Journal Citation19 (6), pp. 694-700
Number of Pages7
Year2015
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1462-3889
1532-2122
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2015.05.003
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462388915000770
Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether a variation in practice from an aseptic non-touch technique (ANTT) to a sterile technique when changing needleless connectors on central venous access devices (CVAD) was associated with any change in catheter related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) rates in the bone marrow transplant (BMT) population. Methods: A two group comparative study without concurrent controls using a retrospective cohort was conducted in a large metropolitan hospital in Brisbane, Australia. Inclusion criteria: haematological malignancy, Hickman catheter inserted, age ≥18. A tool was developed to extract historical data from medical records and pathology results. Primary outcome: CRBSI. Secondary outcomes: laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection, mucosal barrier injury laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection and skin contaminants. Results: One hundred and fifty patients were assessed, 73/150 (49%) in the ANTT group. Demographics: males 95/150 (63%), with 71/150 (47%) receiving an autologous BMT. No difference in CRBSI rates between groups was observed (ANTT n = 3 (4%) vs Sterile n = 1 (2.7%), p = 0.357 Fishers Exact Test). Infection by skin contaminants were identified in a similar number of cases across both groups (ANTT n = 9 (12.3%) vs Sterile n = 6 (7.8%)). Conclusions: No causal effect can be deduced from this small study; nevertheless results imply that an ANTT was not associated with increased CRBSI. Poor hand hygiene and ANTT were perceived across both groups. Quality and consistent ANTT is a safe method for managing intravascular devices, however education and awareness of pathogen transfer from healthcare worker and patient to their device is required.

KeywordsAseptic non-touch technique; Bloodstream infection; Bone marrow transplant; Catheter related bloodstream infection; Central venous access device; Needleless connector
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420506. Sub-acute care
420501. Acute care
420599. Nursing not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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