Securement methods for peripheral venous catheters to prevent failure: a randomised controlled pilot trial

Article


Marsh, Nicole, Webster, Joan, Flynn, Julie, Mihala, Gabor, Hewer, Barbara, Fraser, John and Rickard, Claire. 2015. "Securement methods for peripheral venous catheters to prevent failure: a randomised controlled pilot trial." The Journal of Vascular Access. 16 (3), pp. 237-244. https://doi.org/10.5301/jva.5000348
Article Title

Securement methods for peripheral venous catheters to prevent failure: a randomised controlled pilot trial

ERA Journal ID201610
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMarsh, Nicole (Author), Webster, Joan (Author), Flynn, Julie (Author), Mihala, Gabor (Author), Hewer, Barbara (Author), Fraser, John (Author) and Rickard, Claire (Author)
Journal TitleThe Journal of Vascular Access
Journal Citation16 (3), pp. 237-244
Number of Pages8
Year2015
Place of PublicationLondon, United Kingdom
ISSN1129-7298
1724-6032
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5301/jva.5000348
Web Address (URL)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25656258/
Abstract

Purpose
To assess the effectiveness of four securement methods to prevent peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) failure.

Methods
A single-centre, four-arm, randomised, controlled, non-blinded, superiority pilot trial was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital in Queensland (Australia), between November 2012 and January 2013. Adult patients, with a PIVC expected to remain in situ for ≥24 hours and admitted to general medical or surgical wards, were randomly allocated to standard polyurethane dressing (control, SPU), tissue adhesive (TA) with an SPU, bordered polyurethane dressing (BPU) or sutureless securement device (SSD) with an SPU, experimental groups. The primary endpoint was PIVC failure, defined as premature device removal before the end of therapy because of pain, blockage, leaking, accidental removal and local or catheter-related bloodstream infection.

Results
PIVCs were used for an average of 2.6 days across all study groups (n = 85). Catheter failure was lowest in the TA group (3/21, 14%) and highest in the control group (8/21, 38%), with BPU and SSD failure at 5/20 (25%) and 5/23 (22%), respectively. The adjusted hazard ratio of catheter failure was lowest in the TA group (0.50, 95% CI: 0.13-1.98), and then the BPU (0.52, 95% CI: 0.15-1.78) and SSD (0.61, 95% CI: 0.20-1.91) groups. No patient was suspected of a local or catheter-related bloodstream infection.

Conclusions
Current SPU dressings alone do not prevent many cases of PIVC failure. TA appears promising as an innovative solution, but may not be suitable for all patients. A larger Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)-funded trial has commenced.

ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420506. Sub-acute care
420501. Acute care
420599. Nursing not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
Department of Health, Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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