Rural Transformation of a Village in Telangana, A Study of Dokur since 1970s

Article


Reddy, A. Amarender, Rani, Ch Radhika, Cadman, Tim, Reddy, T Prabhakar, Battarai, Madhusudan and Reddy, Anugula N.. 2016. "Rural Transformation of a Village in Telangana, A Study of Dokur since 1970s." International Journal of Rural Management. 12 (2), pp. 143-178. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973005216665944
Article Title

Rural Transformation of a Village in Telangana, A Study of Dokur since 1970s

ERA Journal ID5901
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsReddy, A. Amarender (Author), Rani, Ch Radhika (Author), Cadman, Tim (Author), Reddy, T Prabhakar (Author), Battarai, Madhusudan (Author) and Reddy, Anugula N. (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Rural Management
Journal Citation12 (2), pp. 143-178
Number of Pages36
Year2016
Place of PublicationIndia
ISSN0973-0052
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0973005216665944
Web Address (URL)https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0973005216665944
Abstract

The structural changes taking place in villages are partly due to market forces and also because of public policy. The article examines the transformation and development of a village namely Dokur in Telangana, India which has undergone changes since mid-1970s. The village was initially studied in 1975–1984 by the International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), but resurveyed from 2001 to 2014. There has been seen a significant change since 1980s in its livelihood diversity. Until the mid-1970s, there was more focus on green revolution technologies under the assumption that the trickle-down effect would take care of poverty. Hence, in the initial years, very few development programmes existed and were mostly focused on agriculture growth. Although public distribution system was in place from the mid 1970s, a new government initiative targeted poverty directly through a 20-point plan. From the 1990s, more specific schemes were introduced, which often targeted poor, scheduled castes and tribes (SC and ST) and other backward castes (OBC) as well as small and marginal farmers also. After realizing that most of the benefits were captured by village elites and large farmers, the focus shifted to self-targeting of various developments and social safety net programmes targeting lower castes and poorer households in the late 2000s, especially after the introduction of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). This was also an attempt to reduce gender bias in the programmes. The participation of poor, SC and ST and women increased after the self-targeting schemes were introduced in the country. The Public Distribution System (PDS), Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), pension schemes, complete sanitation programmes, agricultural input subsidy programme, million wells programmes, loan waiver scheme and the drought relief programmes had positive impacts on livelihoods, but with less targeting. Most of the gains from agricultural subsidies were enjoyed by medium and large farmers, although small SC and ST farmers benefited some what. However, all indicators show a systematic and considerable increase in living standards.

KeywordsDrought, coping mechanism, migration, livelihoods, income inequality, poverty
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410404. Environmental management
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Byline AffiliationsIndian Council of Agricultural Research, India
National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, India
University of Southern Queensland
United Nations Women's Office, India
International Food Policy Research Institute, India
National University of Educational Planning and Administration, India
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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