Occupational Stressors and Safety Behaviour among Oil and GasWorkers in Kuwait: The Mediating Role of Mental Health and Fatigue

Article


Alroomi, Anwar S. and Mohamed, Sherif. 2021. "Occupational Stressors and Safety Behaviour among Oil and GasWorkers in Kuwait: The Mediating Role of Mental Health and Fatigue." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 18 (21). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111700
Article Title

Occupational Stressors and Safety Behaviour among Oil and GasWorkers in Kuwait: The Mediating Role of Mental Health and Fatigue

ERA Journal ID44293
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAlroomi, Anwar S. and Mohamed, Sherif
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal Citation18 (21)
Article Number11700
Number of Pages22
YearNov 2021
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1660-4601
1661-7827
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111700
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/21/11700
Abstract

This paper provides an examination of direct and mediated relationships among occupational stressors (responsibilities towards family and living environment), mental health (anxiety and depression), fatigue (physical and mental fatigue), and safety behaviour (safety compliance and safety participation). In this cross-sectional study, data were collected by means of a questionnaire among oil and gas workers (foreign employees working at a remote oil and gas field site located in Kuwait), during a two-month period (November–December 2018). Regression analyses (bivariate and hierarchical), carried out on 387 responses, were employed to test the links between occupational stressors, mental health, fatigue, and safety behaviour in the hypothesised model. The results provide support for the direct relationship in the model, in that both responsibilities towards family and living environment predicted safety behaviour participation. Further, the results provide partial support for the mediated relationships in the model, as mental health and fatigue were found to mediate the relationship of responsibilities towards family and living environment with safety participation behaviour. It is concluded that occupational stressors have a negative effect on safety behaviour, while mental health and fatigue can operate as risk factors. Given this, it is recommended that organisations need to enhance remote oil and gas workers’ safety behaviour by encouraging them to effectively balance their stress, mental health, and level of fatigue. This can be achieved by actions such as promoting spirituality, boosting workers’ resilience, providing recreational facilities and encouraging communications.

Keywordssafety behaviour; mental health; fatigue; responsibilities towards family; work-family interface/conflict; living environment
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350505. Occupational and workplace health and safety
Byline AffiliationsGriffith University
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